POL101 Final Exam Semester 2 Lecture Summary Notes Study Guide
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POL 101 – Semester 2 Summary
Notes – Final Exam Study Notes
Lecture 12: Genocide & Justice (Jan. 10 th
oGenocide – committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or
Acts directed against political groups are excluded
oCharter of International Military Tribunal customary international crimes that justify
international criminal sanctions: crimes against humanity & war crimes
oNuremberg Laws (trial of Nazi war criminals) – gov’ts could be held responsible
State sovereignty doesn’t trump everything – no longer adequate legal principle /
remove from others obligation to intervene
Memorialize, history & deterrent
oResponsibilities of individual states: considerable political power; control available weapons &
force; command the loyal of pop’l; may press for amnesty & general pardon
oTruth commission – temporary, set up by official authority to investigate & issue public report
with data & recommendations (justice & reconciliation)
Contradictory goals – sacrificing justice for social peace
Justice – through prosecution & punishment to create collective deterrent
•Convention that obligates states to intervene
•Weight of justice @ expense of peace / democracy?
oAway from “States” concept, to an international community sort of concept
Lecture 13: Nationalism & Conflict (Jan. 17 th
oNationalism – ideology of nations
Nation – group that wants own state
Invention of nationalism – never existed outside ideology thereof (?)
Nation – group of people who believe they share common fate, history, culture &
Nationalism: state & nation should be congruent
•Occurs only under modern conditions – feeling created in modernity
◊Why divisions of nation-states & not just nations?
oIndustrial society & need for universalization of culture
Need organization to standardize & impose
oNations are constructed; projects of elites; products of aggregated individual beliefs
Identities are socially constructed, ∴ change over time
High stakes – systematic disadvantage
National narrative – if wish to have a people, need a story
oNations do not create nationalism; nationalism creates nations
Creations of ideologies; doesn’t affect legitimacy
•Unification of high culture
oCommon global identity possible one day
oNationalism & Sequencing – which first?
Assimilate or accommodate
oEthnic vs. Civic Nationalism
What’s the basis of belonging: political or cultural?
o[Canada]: liberalism vs. communitarianism (individual vs. group rights)
Ideal of Canadian multiculturalism
•Is it a real / legit solution?
◊Contact hypothesis – political impact of ethnic mixing
Does diversity work against solitary? Against welfare state?
◊Costs of multiculturalism
oIf nationalism = function of modern society, once modern society is “completed” shouldn’t age
of nation-state pass?
Is the nation-state coming to an end?
Economic integration, political unification, identities, fundamental challenges,
Lecture 14: Weber: the Protestant Ethic (Jan. 24 th
oProtestantism & capitalism
Social theorists responding to Marx, noticing correlation with Protestant
•“Protestant less restrictive than Catholicism” therefore “base produces
◊Relationship between capitalism & religions of the time
Look @ specific character of Protestant beliefs for connection to economic rationality
Marxism: Protestantism not reflection of economics; pre-dated rise of capitalism
Weber’s originality: usually ppl caught up with econ activity indifferent / hostile
•(actions directed to material world; religion directed to immaterial world)
Weber distinguishes other forms of capitalism as “economic traditionalism”
Cultural theory of economic development
•Contrast of Catholic vs. Calvinism
oElaborate former; stripped down latter
Lecture 12: genocide & justice (jan. 10 th : genocide committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. acts directed against political groups are excluded: charter of international military tribunal customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions: crimes against humanity & war crimes. victor"s justice : nuremberg laws (trial of nazi war criminals) gov"ts could be held responsible. state sovereignty doesn"t trump everything no longer adequate legal principle / remove from others obligation to intervene. contradictory goals sacrificing justice for social peace. Justice through prosecution & punishment to create collective deterrent: convention that obligates states to intervene, weight of justice @ expense of peace / democracy, away from states concept, to an international community sort of concept. Lecture 13: nationalism & conflict (jan. 17 th ) www. notesolution. com: nationalism ideology of nations. nation group that wants own state.