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Lecture, made understandable, Weber

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Weber: Protestant Ethic-Jan 24 2011
Weber, a German sociologist researched why the West got rich?
Answer: Because they stole it; Imperialism
But why didn!t the opposing side take it from the Europeans first?
Well the Europeans were able to conquer because they had better weapons, but how
did the Europeans obtain better weapons?
The North Western part of Europe was rich because they differed in being protestants
The religious ethic of Protestantism became the ideal on which capitalism was built
-In comparison to Catholicism which was restrictive
Based on historical facts, that Protestants were richer than Catholics
However, protestants adopted a stringent attitude towards relaxation and enjoyment,
so they worked all the time, so they would not waste their time, so as a result earned
money and put this money back into the system, which was used to purchase
weapons which was used to conquer the Americas
Originally it was thought that people who are deal and profit from money are hostile to
religion, but in fact Protestantism did not relax the control of the church over everyday
activities of people but further intensified it than Catholicism
Therefore, a religious factor has been injected into all aspects of life of a believer
Weber distinguishes other forms of capitalism as "economic traditionalism! The
attitudes toward labor are symptomatic of this “A man does not "by nature! wish to earn
more and more money”
Traditionalism is by no means incompatible with greed for wealth
However, modern capitalism is not found on morals
Features of capitalism:
-rational exploitation of rules--> seen in protestantism
-”the callingan idea of protestantism which is not found in Catholicism or Greek
Orthodox, which is the idea that the individual is to fulfill his duty to god through the
moral conduct of his day to day life. Which also takes away from the isolation, as
monks, and makes one want to spread religion to the world
Calvinism, a protestant sect, had 3 major tenets
1-Universe was created for God, so God does not exist for men but men for God
2- Motives of God are unknown, men only know small morsels of divine truth
3- Predestination, humans have all been predestined for Hell of Heaven, so the only
things human beings can do is work hard so they will most likely not be doomed
Therefore, no priest could help man in Calvinism, so man was alone in the world,
which brought about a disenchantment of the world
Cultural development in protestant religion who is most likely to get rich
Calvinist church--dull
Catholic church--elaborate
So a tremendous strain was placed on Calvinists
There is no external difference between the elect and the damned
Therefore, doing good work does not mean you attain salvation but eliminate doubts
about it---working hard is the best way to develop and keep good
Baxter, an English puritan, warns against temptations of wealth, idleness, and wasting
time---which are the worst sins, time is valuable
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Weber: Protestant Ethic-Jan 24 2011 Weber, a German sociologist researched why the West got rich? Answer: Because they stole it; Imperialism But why didnt the opposing side take it from the Europeans rst? Well the Europeans were able to conquer because they had better weapons, but how did the Europeans obtain better weapons? The North Western part of Europe was rich because they differed in being protestants The religious ethic of Protestantism became the ideal on which capitalism was built -In comparison to Catholicism which was restrictive Based on historical facts, that Protestants were richer than Catholics However, protestants adopted a stringent attitude towards relaxation and enjoyment, so they worked all the time, so they would not waste their time, so as a result earned money and put this money back into the system, which was used to purchase weapons which was used to conquer the Americas Originally it was thought that people who are deal and prot from money are hostile to religion, but in fact Protestantism did not relax the control of the church over everyday activities of people but further intensied it than Catholicism Therefore, a religious factor has been injected into all aspects of life of a believer Weber distinguishes other forms of capitalism as economic traditionalism The attitudes toward labor are symptomatic of this A man does not by nature wish to earn more and more money Traditionalism is by no means incompatible with greed for wealth Howeve
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