oThis law excluded Asians entirely and restricted immigration in S and E.
oCame from the notion that members of the same nation are part of an
extended family (ties of blood)
oWalker Connor “It is not what is, but what ppl believe is that has behavioral
oIts belief: nations exist; each nation has to have its own state (with members
of a single nation)
•Liberal nationalism was more suitable to grow in states with a high degree of ethnic
•England, france, Portugal, spain and Sweden are nation-states in polities (pol.
Organized unit) – ethnic divisions had been softened by cultural and social
•Europe was divided into diff empires:
oHapsburg empire – Austria, szech rep, hungary, Slovakia, bosnia, Croatia,
Poland, Romania, Ukraine, etc.
oRomanov epire – asia and Russia (Poland, Ukraine, etc.)
oOttoman empire – turkey, Bulgaria, greece, Romania, Serbia, middle east,
•These empires were made up of many ethnic groups (pero it wasn`t multinational
and they didn`t grant equal status to their population)
•Governing monarchy and landed nobility – had diff language, ethnicity, religion
•Peasants – ethnically diversed (agrarian societies -> rural/agricultural living)
oPpl didn’t expect their positions in the society to change
Jew had no independent state of their own
Greeks in Greece. . . but also in other ottoman empires
The Rise of Ethnonationalism
•Most ppl at most times have lived in empires (nation-state the exception rather than
•Ppl tend to take the nation-state for granted today (natural form of pol association)
•Nation-state – A people with a shared identity and culture (a nation) who possess
their own territory and state government, or a state-level political system that
contains all and only members of one nation.
•Demand for expanded state resources caused by Military competition ->> Eco