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Notes for Jan 17 reading

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Jan 17
MULLER
Foreign Affairs
Immigrants become assimilated after 2 or 3 years of generations
US ethnonationalism is uncomfy (intellectually and morally)
Immigrants are willing to get their identities reshaped by the new country to fit in
Ppl who stay in thei homelands for centuries produces competing communal claims
to pol power
20th European history argues that nationalism twice led to war (WWI 1914 and
WWII 1939)
oNationalism is dangerous and they abandones it
oEuropeans entered a postnational era (became a model for other nations)
oNationalism had been a tragic shortcut (detour) to peaceful liberal democratic
order
Israel on its claim of being a Jewish state (and merge with Palestine)
Europes frontiers are not so open (hundreds of Asians and Africans die each year
trying to move to Europe
oBefore, there were lots of states in Europe without a single dominant
nationality. Pero now, Belgium nalang at Switzerland ang open to public.
oThe separatist project has not so much vanished as triumphed
Ethnonationalism stabilized Europe during the Cold War Era (continued to reshape
European borders)
Ethnonationalism will continue to shape the world in the 21st C.
Increased urbanization, literacy and pol mobilization, diff in fertility rates, eco perf
of ethnic grps and immigration will challenege the internal structure of states as
well as their borders.
Politics of Identity
National Identity
oPpl who live within a countrys border (kht anong race, religion, ethnicity)
oLiberal / Civic nationalism identifies with contemporary/modern-day
Americans.
Ethnonationalist idea nations are defined by a shared heritage (common language,
faith and ethnic ancestry)
oDominated much of Europe and US (ppl of English origin, protestants, white
or from N. Europe were REAL Americans) -> 1965, they abolished this law.
www.notesolution.com
oThis law excluded Asians entirely and restricted immigration in S and E.
Europe
oCame from the notion that members of the same nation are part of an
extended family (ties of blood)
oWalker Connor It is not what is, but what ppl believe is that has behavioral
consequences”
oIts belief: nations exist; each nation has to have its own state (with members
of a single nation)
Liberal nationalism was more suitable to grow in states with a high degree of ethnic
homogeneity
England, france, Portugal, spain and Sweden are nation-states in polities (pol.
Organized unit) ethnic divisions had been softened by cultural and social
homogenization
Europe was divided into diff empires:
oHapsburg empire Austria, szech rep, hungary, Slovakia, bosnia, Croatia,
Poland, Romania, Ukraine, etc.
oRomanov epire asia and Russia (Poland, Ukraine, etc.)
oOttoman empire turkey, Bulgaria, greece, Romania, Serbia, middle east,
north Africa
These empires were made up of many ethnic groups (pero it wasn`t multinational
and they didn`t grant equal status to their population)
Governing monarchy and landed nobility had diff language, ethnicity, religion
from peasantry
Peasants ethnically diversed (agrarian societies -> rural/agricultural living)
oPpl didnt expect their positions in the society to change
Jew had no independent state of their own
Greeks in Greece. . . but also in other ottoman empires
The Rise of Ethnonationalism
Most ppl at most times have lived in empires (nation-state the exception rather than
the rule)
Ppl tend to take the nation-state for granted today (natural form of pol association)
Nation-state A people with a shared identity and culture (a nation) who possess
their own territory and state government, or a state-level political system that
contains all and only members of one nation.
Demand for expanded state resources caused by Military competition ->> Eco
growth
www.notesolution.com
Mass literacy and easy comm. needed in eco growth, promoted education and a
common language. Created conflicts over language and communal opportunities.
Egalitarian notion (equality) everyone has an upward mobility
oBut its dependent on cultural capital (skills and behavioral patterns that
helps ppl succeed)
oPpl with literacy traditions and engaged in commerce tend to excel
oThose without it, tend to lag behind
Ppl with peasant backgrounds found that govt jobs and eco job are already filled
with ethnic Armenians, Germans, Greeks or Jews.
oPpl with same language shares sense of belonging (defined themselves as diff
from others)
oThinks they are superior (dominates politics, controls commerce, etc)
Ethnonationalism psycho and eco basis:
oNew direct relationship btw govt and ppl:
Rise of modern state weakened traditional bonds (family, clan, guild,
church)
New forms of identification
Lord Acton: by making state and nation equal, nationalism reduces all nationalities
within the boundary. . . according to the degree of humanity . . . the inferior races
are exterminated, reduced to servitude or outlawed, or put in a condition of
dependence ->> this happened
The Great Transformation
Equal state and nation notion variety of forms
oVoluntary emigration (govt discrimination against minority ethnicities)
oForced deportation (popn transfer)
oGenocide
Mass ethnic division began on Europes frontiers
oWars to expand nation states created interethnic violence
oBalkan Wars 500k ppl left their home voluntarily/forced
oMuslims left regions under Bulgarian, Greeks and Serbs control
WWI
oOttoman Empire mass deportation and killings (ethnic cleansing |
genocide)
oGreek govt looted and burned villages to drive out ethnic Turks. Turks
fought back Greeks.
Treaty of Lausanne all ethnic Greeks -> Greece; Greek Muslims ->
Turkey
Turkey expelled 1.5 M ppl, Greece 400k
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Jan 17 MULLER Foreign Affairs Immigrants become assimilated after 2 or 3 years of generations US ethnonationalism is uncomfy (intellectually and morally) Immigrants are willing to get their identities reshaped by the new country to fit in Ppl who stay in thei homelands for centuries produces competing communal claims to pol power 20 European history argues that nationalism twice led to war (WWI 1914 and WWII 1939) o Nationalism is dangerous and they abandones it o Europeans entered a postnational era (became a model for other nations) o Nationalism had been a tragic shortcut (detour) to peaceful liberal democratic order Israel on its claim of being a Jewish state (and merge with Palestine) Europes frontiers are not so open (hundreds of Asians and Africans die each year trying to move to Europe o Before, there were lots of states in Europe without a single dominant nationality. Pero now, Belgium nalang at Switzerland ang open to public. o The separatist project has not so much vanished as triumphed Ethnonationalism stabilized Europe during the Cold War Era (continued to reshape European borders) Ethnonationalism will continue to shape the world in the 21 C. Increased urbanization, literacy and pol mobilization, diff in fertility rates, ecoperf of ethnic grps and immigration will challenege the internal structure of states as well as their borders. Politics of Identity National Identity o Ppl who live within a countrys border (kht anong race, religion, ethnicity) o Liberal Civic nationalism identifies with contemporarymodern-day Americans. Ethnonationalist idea nations are defined by a shared heritage (common language, faith and ethnic ancestry) o Dominated much of Europe and US (ppl of English origin, protestants, white or from N. Europe were REAL Americans) -> 1965, they abolished this law. www.notesolution.com
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