Study Guides (258,773)
CA (125,000)
UTSG (8,541)
POL101Y1 (199)
Final

Exam Study Note

20 Pages
129 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 20 pages of the document.
Liberalism
Ancient Liberalism
oParticipatory
having the ability to participate in politics and govern yourself
oDirect
the point of democracy wasnt elections, you directly participated
oPublic not Private liberty
The Greek concept of liberty was the freedom of the community, the
freedom to govern themselves, not the freedom of individuals in the
private life
oFreedom of the community
self government
oDependent upon a class of people who didnt engage in commerce or even
work
Because they had slaves, they had the time to participate in public
politics
oBig decisions were decisions of war
Modern Liberalism
oNot so much freedom to as freedom from
oLegal protections
oLimited government
oFreedom is individual rather than communal
oAll driven by commerce and private property instead of war
oRepresentative rather than direct government
Our society is based on trade and commerce, not war
www.notesolution.com
The most useful thing for a state is to create stable and peaceful conditions to
conduct trade
Features of Liberalism
Individualism: not family or clan
Proceduralism: rule of law and bureaucracy
Markets: economic and political
Toleration: religious, ethnic, gender
Stages of Liberalism
Transformation (revolutionary or evolutionary break from monarchical rule)
Consolidation (exclude those social elements that threaten the new order)
Inclusion (include those elements that, if not included, will rebel against the
order)
The International System
Sovereignty
oWe live in a system of states, a system where borders matter
oIt is these borders that demarcates nation-states and countries
oThese nation-states and countries are internally constituted (taxes, laws,
military)
oBut sovereignty is also externally constituted, we live in a system of
respecting each others borders
Power
www.notesolution.com
oDifferent dimensions of power: economic, hard, and soft power
oThe core definition of power, regardless of what dimension, is the ability to
influence others
oThe exercise of power can be an inducement: carrot (I can use my power to
make you richer, I can protect you with it, and I can legitimate you with it.
oI can also be a stick: I can use my power to decimate you
o At the core, its about influencing others
oOn the one hand, sovereignty means that all countries are equal and we
equally respect everyones borders, but on the other hand there is an uneven
distribution of power and some countries hold more power than others
Anarchic
oThe absence of world government
oIn the end, as citizens and individuals, we are loyal to our country or nation-
state, we follow the rules of our nation-state
oThere is no world government
oThere is no international police force, no international taxation system
Realism
The International System
1.States . System theory in which countries, or states, are the key units
2.Billiard Balls. You dont need to know about the internal structure of the state.
They bounce around in the anarchic international system.
3.Power projection. The only thing that matters is power.
4.National interest. States primary goal is survival and national interest
As a theory, then, realists argue that the international system is prone to
If all that matters is the projection of power and protecting your own
interests, it isnt that surprising that they are prone to conflict
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Liberalism Ancient Liberalism o Participatory having the ability to participate in politics and govern yourself o Direct the point of democracy wasnt elections, you directly participated o Public not Private liberty The Greek concept of liberty was the freedom of the community, the freedom to govern themselves, not the freedom of individuals in the private life o Freedom of the community self government o Dependent upon a class of people who didnt engage in commerce or even work Because they had slaves, they had the time to participate in public politics o Big decisions were decisions of war Modern Liberalism o Not so much freedom to as freedom from o Legal protections o Limited government o Freedom is individual rather than communal o All driven by commerce and private property instead of war o Representative rather than direct government Our society is based on trade and commerce, not war www.notesolution.com The most useful thing for a state is to create stable and peaceful conditions to conduct trade Features of Liberalism Individualism: not family or clan Proceduralism: rule of law and bureaucracy Markets: economic and political Toleration: religious, ethnic, gender Stages of Liberalism Transformation (revolutionary or evolutionary break from monarchical rule) Consolidation (exclude those social elements that threaten the new order) Inclusion (include those elements that, if not included, will rebel against the order) The International System Sovereignty o We live in a system of states, a system where borders matter o It is these borders that demarcates nation-states and countries o These nation-states and countries are internally constituted (taxes, laws, military) o But sovereignty is also externally constituted, we live in a system of respecting each others borders Power www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit