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POL200 exam review

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Political Science
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Clifford Orwin

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November 29 2012POL200 Lecture 12Last Lecture with Professor OrwinLast time we learned that the situation as regards the city and the regime the city and its most political aspect is different between how it is distinguished by its different partisansWhether the city did something or whether it was a regime that did itThe city is the true city only under their regime under other regimes its various fakers or impostersAristotle rejects this view the city according to him is mythical the city as opposed to the regime is mythical different cities that did it oligarchic Athens was one city and democratic Athens was a different cityOne cant escape the regime one cant define the city in opposition to the regime or distinct regime makes the cityTherefore all the more crucial it is to know which is the best regime question Aristotle takes up in the chapters followingCh 6returns to the question of the purpose of the city in an ancient writer as always he doesnt repeat himself he makes some changesoNow identifies three distinct purposes of the cityThe first is pure sociability unhinged for any common advantage or need the pleasures of the cityThe second is the common advantage the good life the common human advantage in the full senseThe third is mere life safety reasonable degree of prosperity city comes in being and stays in being for thisCity is complex not just in being composed of many parts whether we see them as citizens households occupations and classes but it also pursues multiple ends each of which is inherent to it as a cityWhat is the relationship among these different purposesThe recognition that the city is complex also in the ends that it must pursue complicates the question of the regimeIn CH 7 he turns to his famous classification of regimes how many are there and what is the principle or principles of its classification there are sixoKingshipoOligarchyoAristocracyoDemocracyoTyrannyoPolitypolitea the word for regime a new regime that Aristotle comes up with The principle of their division is by two principles of division one is number whether one few or the many rule second is intention or concern whether the ruling group one few or many rules for the sake of the whole or just for their sake The two distinctiondistinction of number and of concernbut the distinction according to intention or concern is the most fundamental the correct or deviant we just say just or unjust between regimes who rule for the benefit of all common interestincludes own but isnt restricted to own and those who rule selfishly or repressively for their own good rather than the good of the wholeFundamental distinction and then there is a numerical distinction that corresponds to the truth about the political world
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