b) Pauline Christianity and Augustine- women as temptresses within the City of Man
•biological nature of women acts as form of original sin that corrupts them and others.
•augustine one of most influential father of church, known for city of god work 426ad. he was
trying to give defense of christianity at time of youth for Christianity as religion..if god so great
why did rome fall.
•plato good is objective out there universalist , for augustine god personal
•augustine attacks pagan doubters, need god to achieve some access to fulfillment of
good...aristotle is pagan thinker!
•what are two cities? city of god and city of man, distinguished by where people end up at end
of city. members of city of god are those who destiny it is to go to heaven, city of men those
whose destiny is those who dont perceive heavenly prize. in history these two communities
combined. still have to function in city of man even if destiny different, two cities
indistinguishable to all but god. clinging to will of good and limited goods
•what is role of christian subject then? christians should be obedient as test of christian
virtue..what about women? augustine drawing from books of new testament develops line of
argument hostile towards women. plato/aristotle place women inferior positions because of
capacity to reason. for augustine it would seem that eve is prototype for women, 1st by fact that
women made from rib of man(notion that they are made to follow lead of man), in addition
though not all women will be eves (that they will seek by cunning to sin) what is interesting
about augustine is his agonizing or gymnastics in dealing with biological features of women. put
women under cloud of suspicion. second failing of women in the fall of rome/idea of original sin.
women also began to tempt man by very biological nature of women.
•question of resurrection of flesh, those who are to be saved will rise to heaven with very
bodies..raises problem in regard to woman. biological nature of women establish lust...women
will undergo resurrection where organs will not function in same way, sort of neutered to enjoy
heaven without lust. very nature of women on earth lends itself to encouragement of corruption.
•right goal of women is submission in house and silence in public world
c) Courtly love literature (especially de Meun’s the ‘Roman de la Rose’)- women as naturally
and universally immoral
•women as extension of eve/master of manipulation treachery
•tradition specific to medieval era. developed strong anti-feminism. general theme were how to
seduce/ and how to conduct love affairs. Adulteress love only true form of love?? love destroyed
•Roman de la Rose, novel..finished by de Meuns. popular tale of how man can present himself
and win favors by women but of course done in flowery language of medievalism, plucking the
rose(women).. what is proper strategy for seduction is his question. his take is that because
women morally dubious and vicious to seduce them you have to be insane(or the same?) in a
popular sense the machiavelli of seduction. can lie to them, can bribe to them as long as you get
prize in the end. gave rise to long debate. pizan wrote series of letters attacking de Meuns
portrayal, her book of the city of ladies final statement of vindication for women against de
Meun. pizan not only person to articulate sense of equality for women but what is generally the
case were outside legit grounds of orthodox. so we see movement of cathars..cathars saw women