POL201Y1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Periphery Countries, Andre Gunder Frank, Meiji Restoration
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Primary source of change based on innovation and less tradition. Following the path that modern developed nations took. Focuses on structural changes, place in international economy and linkages between core and periphery. Domestic culture and traditions not enough to cause backwardness. Development can only be interpreted through understand its historical position in the global political scheme. At the creation of the global capitalist economy colonies were used for resources to benefit their colonizer. Independence movements were not used to transform internal productivity. During the depression and wars latin americas internal economy flourished as it could focus on domestic affairs. The transnational system put them back where they were. General features of rural areas: abundance of natural capita, abundance of labour, relative isolation. Importance of systematic interaction between land, population and technology. Paradigm shift from national policies influencing rural development to more participatory roles for rural communities.