Study Guides (258,455)
CA (124,953)
UTSG (8,541)
POL201Y1 (27)

A (rather piecemeal) study guide of first semester concepts

12 Pages
148 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 12 pages of the document.
Review
Week 1 – sept 13
Introduction/Orientation
Movie Clip, history of development in thirty years. Developing countries remained stagnant
and some other countries GDPs exponentially increased
www.notesolution.com
Week 2 Heilbroner – sept 20
Heilbronner:
1. Tradition
Resistant to innovation. Trade passed through generations with little or no change.
2. Command
Central planning – bureaucratic decision makers decide how much and where it will go
Tradition and command were the most common
Heilbronner – production and distribution were tied to social and political life
Feudal System: System of hierarchy, based around inherited privileges.
Needed to be overcome and undermined in order to generate the possibility of the Market
Important considerations:
Labour is not a commodity
Serf could not sell their labour – no wages
Land is not a commodity
not considered outside of its social context.
Property is not a commodity
Wealth not turned into capital
The movement from feudal to market society hinges on these three things collapsing.
Enclosure:
Starting in 17th century, complete in 19th century with General Enclosure Act of 1801
Land is privatized/commodified, transforming a birth rite to a unit of economic production
Doesn't happen through the market alone – government intervention necessary.
Before enclosure, there was no need to have land – no use for surplus.
Agricultural Revolution – leads to a massive increase in the production of food.
1. Mechanization of agriculture: seed drill, threshing machine, steam engine etc.
2. Crop rotation
3. Selective breeding
Social/economic effect of enclosure
Forces people off land, creating a labour force
People flock to factories and new industrial centres – people free and compelled to sell
labour
Increased food production
Generates a food surplus, majority of people don't have to produce food they eat
Can be used to feed factory workers
Industrial Revolution
Production of goods becomes mechanized, surplus produced and used as capital.
Urbanization, selling of labour for wages, buying instead of producing one's own goods,
transformed the landscape and space of human life.
First innovations were in textiles. Flying shuttle. Jenny. Water frame. Water-powered
factory. Steam engines for coal mining and transportation.
Forward and backward linkages
The Role of Government
www.notesolution.com
Britain was the first to create the patent systemcategorizing intellectual property,
allowing people to capitalize off inventions
Changes in the world of labour
Machines now located in factories, generally located around rivers or other bodies of
water, replacing smaller mills
Employed women and children – cheaper than men
Factory is responsible for urbanization, which gives rise to the city.
Canals & Rivers
used as a means of internal transportation
Financial backing came from merchants and industrialists who wanted to expand
England's extensive internal rivers into navigable canals
Railroads
By 1800 there were 200 miles of tramways serving coal mines.
Engineers looking to tie steam engines to railways for transportation.
Capital
New wealth grows from Industrial Revolution
Two kinds of capital are needed
1. Long-term capital – expand present operations
2. Short-term capital – purchase materials, pay wages
Trying to find short-term capital to pay their employees was a major problem, which
gave rise to the Banking System
Banking
Private banks spring up, funded by people who have mae money in manufacturing
Impact on human life
Conditions in cities were bad, but work conditions were worse
Poorly ventilated, noisy, dirty, dangerous, unhealthy
workers put in 12-14 hours a day, and overtime during busy periods.
Machines dangerous and untrained workers incurred accidents and deaths with no
compensation
Population Growth
18th century saw the highest growth ever
Decline in death. increase in birth, elimination of plague, increase in food
Industry provided higher wages than in villages – young people were able to marry early,
producing more children.
Cities provided better clothing and housing, but terrible living conditions.
Social Reform
Terrible conditions lead quite quickly to social reform in Britain, number of laws were
enacted to combat these humanitarian problems.
Unionization becomes important – has the power to cease production if demands aren't met.
However, it is easy to replace unskilled workers. Some of the most successful unions were of
skilled workers.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Review Week 1 sept 13 IntroductionOrientation Movie Clip, history of development in thirty years. Developing countries remained stagnant and some other countries GDPs exponentially increased www.notesolution.comWeek 2 Heilbroner sept 20 Heilbronner: 1. Tradition Resistant to innovation. Trade passed through generations with little or no change. 2. Command Central planning bureaucratic decision makers decide how much and where it will go Tradition and command were the most common Heilbronner production and distribution were tied to social and political life Feudal System: System of hierarchy, based around inherited privileges. Needed to be overcome and undermined in order to generate the possibility of the Market Important considerations: Labour is not a commodity Serf could not sell their labour no wages Land is not a commodity not considered outside of its social context. Property is not a commodity Wealth not turned into capital The movement from feudal to market society hinges on these three things collapsing. Enclosure: th th Starting in 17 century, complete in 19 century with General Enclosure Act of 1801 Land is privatizedcommodified, transforming a birth rite to a unit of economic production Doesnt happen through the market alone government intervention necessary. Before enclosure, there was no need to have land no use for surplus. Agricultural Revolution leads to a massive increase in the production of food. 1. Mechanization of agriculture: seed drill, threshing machine, steam engine etc. 2. Crop rotation 3. Selective breeding Socialeconomic effect of enclosure Forces people off land, creating a labour force People flock to factories and new industrial centres people free and compelled to sell labour Increased food production Generates a food surplus, majority of people dont have to produce food they eat Can be used to feed factory workers Industrial Revolution Production of goods becomes mechanized, surplus produced and used as capital. Urbanization, selling of labour for wages, buying instead of producing ones own goods, transformed the landscape and space of human life. First innovations were in textiles. Flying shuttle. Jenny. Water frame. Water-powered factory. Steam engines for coal mining and transportation. Forward and backward linkages The Role of Government www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit