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POL203Y1 (10)
Ryan Hurl (8)
Final

First Exam study notes

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL203Y1
Professor
Ryan Hurl

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First Refounding:
Promoted democracy by endorsing and nurturing those political institutions and
constitutional principles thought to be most democratic in character (ie. Free speech,
legislative supremacy, and powerful defense of states rights)
Connected to two new forms of political communication
o1. A popular press
o2. Political parties
As political struggles intensified, number of newspapers expanded dramatically
Republicans vs. Federalists
Edition act of 1798 pushed through by Federalists (crime to make false accusations
against president, Congress, or the government)
o Claimed they were not restricting free but suppressing malicious opinions
Republican victory in 1800 election strengthened democratic character of the
Constitution
Revolution of 1800 was to strengthen decentralizing and more democratic
instructions of the Constitution (states and house of rep.)
Presidency became more accountable to public opinion and national government
more beholden to the states and localities
Second Refounding:
Jackson was president in the Jeffersonian tradition (strengthening democratic
tradition that the constitution has sought to tame)
Bolder assault on principles and institutions
odemocracy replacing republicanism
Demands for rights would have to come to terms with a highly mobilized competitive
and locally oriented democracy
Political parties are the schools of political science
Jackson mobilized the powers of the government for what was essentially a
dismantling operation
Decentralist, patronage-based democracy became dominant
Whigs set the precedent for how an opposition party ought to behave in a party
system
oMaintained and expressed important political differences
oBelieved in a much stronger federal government, federally controlled national
banking system, federal funding of roads, canals and other forms of internal
improvements
oSought to strengthen congress and contain the executive
oDid not question legitimacy of the other party
Nullification doctrine: A state could declare any federal law it thought to be
unconstitutional inapplicable within its borders
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Description
First Refounding: Promoted democracy by endorsing and nurturing those political institutions and constitutional principles thought to be most democratic in character (ie. Free speech, legislative supremacy, and powerful defense of states rights) Connected to two new forms of political communication o 1. A popular press o 2. Political parties As political struggles intensified, number of newspapers expanded dramatically Republicans vs. Federalists Edition act of 1798 pushed through by Federalists (crime to make false accusations against president, Congress, or the government) o Claimed they were not restricting free but suppressing malicious opinions Republican victory in 1800 election strengthened democratic character of the Constitution Revolution of 1800 was to strengthen decentralizing and more democratic instructions of the Constitution (states and house of rep.) Presidency became more accountable to public opinion and national government more beholden to the states and localities Second Refounding: Jackson was president in the Jeffersonian tradition (strengthening democratic tradition that the constitution has sought to tame) Bolder assault on principles and institutions o democracy replacing republicanism Demands for rights would have to come to terms with a highly mobilized competitive and locally oriented democracy Political parties are the schools of political science Jackson mobilized the powers of the government for what was essentially a dismantling operation Decentralist, patronage-based democracy became dominant Whigs set the precedent for how an opposition party ought to behave in a party system o Maintained and expressed important political differences o Believed in a much stronger federal government, federally controlled national banking system, federal funding of roads, canals and other forms of internal improvements o Sought to strengthen congress and contain the executive o Did not question legitimacy of the other party Nullification doctrine: A state could declare any federal law it thought to be unconstitutional inapplicable within its borders www.notesolution.com
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