Latest lecture

37 views4 pages
5 Dec 2010
School
Course
Professor
Tuesday, November 30th 2010
x Nuclear Warfare
- Hiroshima and Nagasaki were first examples of actual use of nuclear weapons in wartime
- Primary concern to end war > destroy japan
- Unconditional surrender
- Warning to the soviets
- Bombs used: power of 12 000 tnt > equiv. to 200 b29 bombers
- Effect of nuc. Bomb:
- i. the blast
- ii. The heat radiation
- iii. Nuclear radiation > lasting damages
- nuc. Bombs work in two ways: fusion, fission
- power of the nuc. Technology increased with the development of the H Bomb
- > over 50 million tons of tnt
¾ Shift from the sword to the shield
- Elements of deterrence in the realm of nuclear war:
i. Phsy. Factor of total war is enough of a reason not to go to nuclear war.
ii. capacity of a second strike: if enemy believes you will not be able to retaliate with
equal force, than there is no deterrence to attack
- Must have the capacity for a second strike/strike back against initial attack
¾ Massive Retaliation > Flexible Response
- Deterrence was established during the cold war quickly between the us and the ussr
- the capacity of total retaliation from both sides > lack of flexibility
- is it worth it?
- Makes diplomacy impossible > forg. Policy is completely under the umbrella of nuclear
strategy
- US in response to the risk of total war by accident > came up with, flexible response>
- Flexible response > meeting soviet attack with the same means, proportionality
- US allies, Germany, upset with this policy as nuclear retaliation was a means of protection
for west Germany
- NATO had to come to an agreement with the policy of flexible response
Extended deterrence > prevented both sides from using nuclear weapons
- High number of USSR + WARSAW pact > only way to defend western Europe was nuclear
weapons
- Some countries in Europe did not believe that the US was willing to use nuclear weapons in
order to defend Europe > main country in disbelief was France
- Was a core issue within the framework of NATO
- France decided to begin their own nuclear weapon in order to protect themselves
- Deterrence must be in the eyes of your enemies, not in the eyes of your allies
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.