Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
UTSG (10,000)
POL208Y1 (100)

Russet Bruce Reading Summary


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
La Haine

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
RussetBruce
MiliatryConflict:WhystateandotheractorsresorttoForcesCh8
ViolentConflictinWorldPolitics
r Themainuseofnuclearweaponsoncecreatedisintheirnonuse:indeterrence
r Actualuse/threatofuseofconventionalmilitaryforceagainstnonnuclearpowers(espnon
Euronpean)hasretainedvalue
r UNpermitsstates,byitselforinalliancetouseforceforselfrdefense
HumanAggression
r KennethWaltzfirstimage…humannatureandpsychologicalneed
r Warresultsfromhumannatureforaggressionandselfishness
r Thuswarunavoidable
r Critique:warcanbeunlearned,onlyahumaninvention
r SomearemuchmorepeacefulthanothersScandinavia
RelativeDeprivation
r FrustrationarisingourofcomparedpoornessanddeprivationsuchaspreWW1Germany
demandingforplaceinthesun
r Alsopurssiainsevenweekswarin1866
r Couldalsobecausedwhensustainedperiodofimprovingconditionsisfollowedbyasudden
sharpsetback
r Andcomparisonmadew/unitsthatinitiallyhadsamestatusbutimproved
r Comparisonacrosstimeandgroup
ConflictbetweenStates
r Globalwar,systemicwar:involvemultiplegreatpowerandnumerousparticipants
r 30yrwar1618:TreatyofWestphaliar>contemporarystatesystemr>longestglobalwarand
espdestructivebystandardsofthattime
Dominantcauses
r Disputeoverpossessionofterritory,orforstrategicterritorytogetherroughly60%ofall
waysandmajorarmedinterventions
r Nationstatecreation
r Economics,ideology,survival/predation/humansympathy
DomesticEconomicStructureandWar
r Waltzsecondimage“internalorganizationofstatesiskeytounderstandingwarandpeace”
r Onedimensionisformofgovernance
r Realisttheorysaycountries’ecosystemdoesnotmatter,willhavesamegoals,socialistor
capitalist
r Libraltheories,doesmakeadiff:capitalistinterestintradeandforeignmarketpromote
peace
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version