IR Paradigms from tutorial

39 views3 pages
6 Dec 2010
School
Course
Professor
Paradigms
x Thomas Kuhn argues that the thinking of a scientific
community takes place within a ‘paradigm’, which
governs what scientists are to make of recalcitrant
experience.1
x Paradigms are a set of very broad assumptions to
which one is deeply committed and a set of
institutional practices governing the current conduct
of (social) science.2
x Paradigms are integrated into psychological schema,
that is, a working hypothesis about some aspect of
the environment, and may be a concept of the self
(self-schema), other individuals (person schema),
groups (role-schema), or sequences of events in the
environment (scripts).3
x Psychological research illustrates the tendency to
discount information that is discrepant with existing
schema; discrepant information strengthens rather
than undermines existing schema.4
x For instance, Newtonian assumptions that all events
are causally determined by the operation of forces
and causal laws. Routine science and routine
scientific progress only occur while the governing
paradigm copes with apparent exceptions.5
1 Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edn. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970).
2 Martin Hollis and Steve Smith, Explaining and Understanding in International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), 59.
3 Janice Gross Stein, “Psychological Explanations of International Conflict,” in Handbook of International Relations (London: Sage
Publications, 2002), 293.
4 Ibid, 293.
5 Hollis and Smith, Explaining and Understanding in International Relations, 59.
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

N thomas kuhn argues that the thinking of a scientific community takes place within a paradigm", which governs what scientists are to make of recalcitrant experience. 1. N paradigms are a set of very broad assumptions to which one is deeply committed and a set of institutional practices governing the current conduct of (social) science. 2. N psychological research illustrates the tendency to discount information that is discrepant with existing schema; discrepant information strengthens rather than undermines existing schema. 4. N for instance, newtonian assumptions that all events are causally determined by the operation of forces and causal laws. Routine science and routine scientific progress only occur while the governing paradigm copes with apparent exceptions. 5. 1 thomas kuhn, the structure of scientific revolutions, 2nd edn. (chicago: university of chicago press, 1970). 2 martin hollis and steve smith, explaining and understanding in international relations (oxford: oxford university press, 1990), 59.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers