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Midterm

Midterm outline and review from the Fall Semester


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines
Study Guide
Midterm

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POL208 MIDTERM REVIEW #1
PART 1) DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS
PART 2) ESSAY, CHOICE 1 OF 2 (USING THE MOVIES)
Nuclear Weapons
1. Nature/Doctrine of Nuclear Weapons
2. Proliferation and its dangers
3. Non-proliferation
-Hiroshima/Nagasaki, are the only times nuclear weapons were used
o
1,200 tonnes of TNT
o
Now reached millions of tonnes of TNT per nuclear weapon
-The blast itself, the heat and the radiation afterwards are the components of the
bomb in which caused the most destruction
o
Two types fission and fusion
o
Both need uranium or plutonium (cannot be found in nature therefore
very expensive to cultivate)
-The size of the nukes have gotten smaller with innovation
o
For example now planes can have multiple nukes on board
-Nuclear weapons are deterrence weapons
o
Deterrence: 1. Psychological factor: the actor must be prepared that
their own country will have complete destruction because any nuclear
attack will be responded
o
2. Capacity factor: capacity to launch a second strike after being hit first.
Example a responsive strike can be sent from planes, submarines etc…
therefore the country that strikes first is never safe
o
Extended Deterrence: the theory that a country without nuclear
weapons will be protected by a country with nukes
o
Deterrence should be seen in the eyes of the opponent
o
Most European weapons are double key method. Thus the US has
power in majority of western missiles
o
Missile Defence: missiles that will counter incoming missiles. Missile
defence does not take deterrence seriously
NATO – policy of first use – if necessary, NATO will use nuclear
weapons first
-Proliferation: 3 model explanations
1. Security Model: basic REALIST nuclear proliferation since world is anarchy and
“self help” a country will do whatever it can to defend itself. For example:
Building Nuclear Weapons
i. for example MANHATTAN project in the US existed because the
United States were threatened by Nazi Germanys attempt to build
Nuclear Weapons
ii. Proliferation calls for MORE proliferation
www.notesolution.com
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