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POL208Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Free-Trade Area, Human Nature, Realpolitik


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
Arnd Jurgensen
Study Guide
Final

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POL208 Exam Review Guide
2013-2014
Summarized by
Josh Tejolan
Francesca Morfini
Abhinav Karmakar
Edited by
Alex Parent
REMINDER:ThisisjustmeanttobeaGUIDEthatorganizesthebig
conceptslearnedduringthelecturesintothethreecategoriesgivento
us.Itisonlymeanttosupplementyourownstudying.Thisisavery
condensedversionofallthelecturesandmostexampleshavebeen
omitted,refertolecturenotesforspecificexamples.Thisguidewillnot
gointodetailasitassumesyouhaveageneralunderstandingofthese
concepts.DONOTrelyonthisentirelyforyourexamprep.

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ExamInfo
Tuesday,April22,710PM
ASHA:ExamCenter100
SHEZ:ExamCenter310
3Essayson3Themes
1.InternationalSecurityMaximum4pages,30marks
2.InternationalPoliticalEconomyandInstitutionsMaximum4pages,30marks
3.Broader,overallIRtheoryNopagelimit(withinreason),40marks
Therewillbetwochoicesforeachtheme,chooseone.Makeyourargumentclearand
obviousinordertogetmarks.Samplequestionsforeachessayhavebeenposted(giventous
bytheprofessor).Wehavenotincludedanyoutlinesbutsummarizedallinformationfrom
lecturesandsortedthemintothethemesontheessayaccordingtorelevance.Thethemesare
verycondensedasyouareexpectedtostudythemorespecificdetailsofthem,thisisjusta
guidetosimplifytheseconceptsandorganizethem.Youareexpectedtobeabletounderstand
theseconceptsandunderstandhowtheyworkwithoneanother.Don’tforgettogooverreadings
too,thesummariesareonthefacebookpage.Thankstothosewhohavehelpedputthisexam
guidetogetherinlessthanaday.
Goodluckwiththisexamandtherestofyourfinals

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Part1:InternationalSecurityJoshTejolanandAbhinavKarmakar
SampleQuestion:“ThecurrentcrisisinUkrainedemonstratesthefragilityofthecurrent
system,inmanywaysthecurrentsituationresemblestheyearsthatprecededWWI.Theseare
dangeroustimes”Doyouagreethatthecurrentsituationresemblesthatoftheearly1900’s?If
so,how?ifnot,why?
Realism
● Bismarck:RealpolitikRealism
● Politicsofreality,practicalityoverideologyandmorality
● Hobbesianview,selfinterestregardlessofcost
● TheSecurityDIlemma
● Whenanactorbecomesmoresecure,anotherwillbecomelesssecure
● Theywilltrytocompensateforthatandmakethemselvesmoresecurewhilemakingthe
otherfeellesssecurecanleadstoanarmsraceandpossiblywar
● RealismandPower
● Thosewithpowersettherules,realismisaboutmaximizingpower
Realism
NeoRealism
PowerMaximizing
SecurityMaximizing
Looksathumannaturefirst(statelevel)
LooksatAnarchyfirst(InternationalLevel)
Looksatsmallevents
Amoresystemiclooks
PoweriswhatdrivesIR
AnarchyiswhatdrivesIR
Statesareselfish
Statesarenotselfish
● DistributionofpowerisimperativeforunderstandingIR
● Statesmayrelyonforceorviolence
● Focusesonwhatis,nowwhatitoughttobeNomoralconsiderations
Liberalism
● Humannatureisnotsobleak,Violenceisanoutlier,institutionssolveproblems
● Whathappensinacountryisimportant,domesticreflectsinternational
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