The Virtues of Parliamentarism.doc

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

The Virtues of Parliamentarism - had forms of both these types of government (parliamentary and provincial) - study of democratic systems cannot be separated from the study of electoral systems - Nigerian system represents a unique method of presidential election that might be applicable in federal states (particularly multiethnic ones) - Two most common methods of election: the simple majority or plurality system and the two candidate run-off - Inept democratic regimes stand a good chance of surviving simply because all relevant actors find the nondemocratic alternatives to be even less satisfactory - Societies that are polarizes, or fragmented by multiple cleavages, a multiparty system with proportional representation may allow the formation of alternative coalitions and thus forestall dangerous zero-sum outcomes - Parliamentary democracies in which a single disciplined party obtains the absolute majority of all seats find themselves in what is close to a “winner-take-all” situation, not the most frequent pattern in parliamentary systems - Parliamentary elections may be called not only to benefit from popularity, but also when governing becomes difficult because of a lack of cohesion among the parliamentary majority (Spain 1982) - That “all” that the winner takes may not include much effective power, especially if congressional support is not forthcoming Varieties of Presidentalism - was not simply parlimentarism, but rather democratic institutions as a whole that failed in Africa - a separately elected president can perform in a divided society - a president might be able to help build political consensus (linz) - political problems of multiethnic societies under whatever system of rule (democratic of authoritarian) present complexities - more research is needed concerning the compositions and stability of cabinets in presidential systems - in parliamentary systems even those with unstable gover
More Less

Related notes for POL101Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.