China's Path - Growing and Learning.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

History of China, Mao Zedong 1943 to 1976 he led the party he did the great work forward. Hegemon China’s Path: Growing and Learning - future of China (assumptions): there will be no major incidents in the international strategic environment, no dramatic political of social instability in China and Deng Xiaoping’s policy of reform and opening up will remain the guiding principles for all aspects of china’s development - China’s security objectives and strategies will be characterized by a kind of progressive transformation rather than a violent revolution either from the prospective of historical sociology or the sociology of knowledge Objective one: Controlling friction among big powers - China’s main priority for military security and defence modernization is to try to avoid full scale confrontation with another major power o Would have China’s economic modernization process - primary task for China’s leadership (including military leaders) is to ensure that big power frictions involving China are kept at a low level of intensity and ideally resolved - China’s army’s, main goal is prevention - Assumption is that as long as the security and political relationship between China and other major powers does not escalate into a confrontation, China’s development and peaceful co existence will remain on course Objective two: to curb domestic ethnic separatism - biggest test for China and the key for China to play a bigger role in the regional security of east Asia - risks: continuously widening gaps- in social development the economy education and technology –between multi-ethnic frontier areas and the rest of the mainland - a small number of sp of separatist forces inside and outside China and their supporters especially calls for independence - a through analysis of Chinese views on these issues shows that no matter what external pressures and brought to bear, Chinese political and military leaders will never tolerate to go soft on separatist ambitions in Taiwan Objective three: to achieve a soft landing on sovereignty - among China’s East Asian neighbours there is little understanding of the sequencing of China’s security concerns, as a result they mistakenly regard China as an expansionist country - China being so large geographically and having many people it has a rare amount of neighbours - Geographical characteristics have facilitating a wide range of contacts and brought about many opportunities, also created difficult defence challenges - As china has become more powerful, the
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