Failed States For second semester exam

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

March 7 2011Failed StatesOrigins and Functions of the Modern StateModern state is something between an empire and a cityProcess of sovereignty building in EuropeState building as a protection racket organized crime verses organized crimeHobbes from security dilemma of war of all against all to modern leviathanWeber monopoly of legitimate use of violence within a given territoryFunctions A DespoticWeberian B Infrastructural RegulatorySome are good at A but not B Some are good at neither Statebetween an empire and city o Only existed as we think of them in the last 300400 years o Before this there were many centres of competing violence on the same territory o Historically it took a long time to take away to own the violence that was controlled by local rulers tribal chieftains religious leaders feudal lords etc o State buildingsomething that occurs over a long time mostly failedState building projects are used for protection racketPeople at the centre city go to the countryside and talk to the nobles and the peasants saying that if they loan them their services they will promise protectio
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