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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

December 6, 2010 POL101Y1 Civil Military Relations and Democracy - Gets at one of the core problems of politics - Politics is about obedience. o Obedience is one of the main parts of Civil military relations. o We give our power to be violent and protect ourselves to groups like the police and the army. o We tend to think money gives you power, money is able to by things to do things for you and protect you. Youre in a dangerous area, you are held at gun point, you offer the person money for their gun, they kill you and take your money. He who controls the sword controls the gold. Problem of the Guardians - Democracies still live in a world of states o The states that exist in the world own armies. Those who fail to field armies get taken over. Poland had a very decentralized government, failed to vote for taxes, and essentially werent able to defend themselves and were split up. Dont have an army, you risk losing your state. o If you have an army, it matters what kind of army. Feudal armies = made up from the nobility and the aristocracies. It was true in Europe and in Japan. Made up and led by the nobility. What made nobles noble was that they fought. They were expected to fight. The story of the modern state, is the story of raising mass armies of citizens, not just the elites. If you could get the whole mass of the population behind you, you could become very dangerous and powerful. o Much more than a country who is just run by a small army. When you have a mass army, the question is whether you get a professional army, or do you have a drafted army. - From Feudal to Mass armies - Draft versus professional armies. - Why do democracies need armies not all the world is a democracy, bad things happen, they act like a police force. - Who gards the guards? - What is the mode of control of civilians over the military? - Huntington: subjective versus objective - Subjective model o For the first time it became apparent to the Americans that it would have a very large well financed standing military because it taken on this role of a kind of global policemen.
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