Global Governance

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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Global Governance: Promise and Challenges final exam: will cover the whole course. greater emphasis on later half. paper: hard copy in lecture. and upload to turnitin MARCH 21. In many ways a new concept. tend to focus on govt. when talking about international relations talk about relations on the state govts. Now tend to focus on governance, understood as a process of governing. Brief overview what it entails and the challenges and what is going wrong and a critical eye. One way to think about it is to contemplate it against the realist international theory. Realism is a theory of international relations where the international system is assumed to be anarchic. Means the absence of world govt. League of nations and collective security. key actor is the nation state. neoliberal institutionalism interdependence positive sum functionalism rules and norms International organization and regimes states behave according to their national self interest. Primarily concerned w their relative power. Game of international relations is zero sum power. Realist IR theory is prone to conflict bc it is anarchic. GG is a response of reaction to realism. - might be the league of nations, (answer) At the core was the idea of the collective security. which said that all states would agree that aggressive actions by other states was illegal. If one as aggressive than all the others would get together and punish the other one. A system based on punishment, and was supposed to work on deterrence. It didnt work. WWII then emerges, neoliberalism institutionalism is another theory of IR, and it is like realism it accepts the notion that there is no world governance, presume the world system is anarchic. They have a more positive view, the realties of complex interdependence. In the world, states are interdependent on one another. There is economic interdependence. There are other forms: security; climate change; health and human security. Despite that it is anarchic there is complex interdependence and bc of this we as states we cooperate. It makes good sense, and to cooperate where all states benefit.By cooperating all states should benefit. It is not meant to replace the anarchic system. Over time we can cooperate in functionally specific ways. (Climate change, global health). Rules and norms: states by co-operating they can develop rules and norms, by which they can cooperate. Standards of appropriate behaviour. We see the seeds of GG, there way be way out of the pessimism of the realism system. The european community by which all states would lower tariffs. UN system of states most preeminant organization of the world
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