Aristotle notes final exam pol200
The politics book I , II and III.
Every community is made in pursuit to some good.
The state is the best kind of community so it must also aim at the best kind of
Using scientific method we see that by seeing the factors that make up a state
we can see the different types of government. Seeing something from first growth
will understand it best.
The first community begins because they need bare necessities of life an it
stays for the sake of the ‘good life’.
The nature of things is its end . when things are completely developed we say
that is their nature. Man by nature a political animal and by nature cant live without
a state. Man only has a sense of good and evil made apparent by speech.
State precedes the family because the whole always precedes the part;
without the body existing a foot cannot exist on its own.
The property and function of a hand is fulfilled when it is part of the body we
cant say a hand is complete or even the same when it is alone. Person in a state
analogy. Reasoning is because things are defined by their function.
Proof that state prior to human nature is human is not self sufficient alone if
he is he is a god or a beast.
Man when separated from law and justice is the worst animal. When in law
Administration of justice -> determining what is just is the principle of
order in political society.
Property is part of household and art of gaining property is household
management for no man can live well unless he has necessities. In managing a
household you need the proper instruments some instruments are living such as
servants. a possession is an instrument for maintaining life.
A possession ( slave) belongs completely to who owns it.
A possession is an instrument of action.
Some people are natural slaves by virtue of reason and fact. From birth is
In a bad person the body will rule the soul. In everything there is a ruling and
a subjugated element.
Soul rules body despotically. Where intellect rules appetite constitutionally.
Slave by convention is won in war.
Constitutional rule is government of free and equal men.
Art of wealth getting is using the resources the art of household management
provides. Property is given by nature to all from birth. Art of war is realated to
Amount of goods needed for a good life is not unlimited.
The art of wealth getting has implied that it is unlimited. Everything has two
uses proper and improper usage. Shoe is for wearing improper use is barter using a
shoe. Art of exchange arises form what is natural some having too much and
others too little. Retail is not a natural part of wealth getting. (if it was proper then
it would have stopped when people had enough. ) barter to satisfy natural needs is
not against nature but the bad kind grew out of this.
Import and export led to the usage of money.
Once coin was discovered out of bartering for necessary items came the retail
Wealth is concerned with quantity of coin but coin is only worth what we say
it is how can it be wealthy if you would perish if all you had was coin.
Those who seek for better riches are right.
Retail trade is wealth creation by exchange. And is concerned with coin