A (rather piecemeal) study guide of first semester concepts

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sophia Moreau

Review Week 1 sept 13 IntroductionOrientation Movie Clip, history of development in thirty years. Developing countries remained stagnant and some other countries GDPs exponentially increased www.notesolution.comWeek 2 Heilbroner sept 20 Heilbronner: 1. Tradition Resistant to innovation. Trade passed through generations with little or no change. 2. Command Central planning bureaucratic decision makers decide how much and where it will go Tradition and command were the most common Heilbronner production and distribution were tied to social and political life Feudal System: System of hierarchy, based around inherited privileges. Needed to be overcome and undermined in order to generate the possibility of the Market Important considerations: Labour is not a commodity Serf could not sell their labour no wages Land is not a commodity not considered outside of its social context. Property is not a commodity Wealth not turned into capital The movement from feudal to market society hinges on these three things collapsing. Enclosure: th th Starting in 17 century, complete in 19 century with General Enclosure Act of 1801 Land is privatizedcommodified, transforming a birth rite to a unit of economic production Doesnt happen through the market alone government intervention necessary. Before enclosure, there was no need to have land no use for surplus. Agricultural Revolution leads to a massive increase in the production of food. 1. Mechanization of agriculture: seed drill, threshing machine, steam engine etc. 2. Crop rotation 3. Selective breeding Socialeconomic effect of enclosure Forces people off land, creating a labour force People flock to factories and new industrial centres people free and compelled to sell labour Increased food production Generates a food surplus, majority of people dont have to produce food they eat Can be used to feed factory workers Industrial Revolution Production of goods becomes mechanized, surplus produced and used as capital. Urbanization, selling of labour for wages, buying instead of producing ones own goods, transformed the landscape and space of human life. First innovations were in textiles. Flying shuttle. Jenny. Water frame. Water-powered factory. Steam engines for coal mining and transportation. Forward and backward linkages The Role of Government www.notesolution.com
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