Last lecture, next Wednesday Midterm
EU institutions: The European Council/ The Council of Ministers
10 am to 12 pm
1) Format: ID questions: 10% each (4 out of 7 options) 40% total of midterm.
Define the concept and relevance of it. Why is it important. ½ paragraph is enough.
2) Comparecontrast question 25% (1 out of 2).
Relationship between 2 concepts. Question about democratic deficit between 2.
Define deficit. Compar parliament and smth else.
3) Short essay question 35% (1 out of 2). Essay format – intro/ thesis, arguments,
conlusion. 23 pages. All the readings up to the point + lectures.
No questions that have been in the essay.
Theories, all the topics that have been covered but not included in the essay.
1) Define the “Councils”
2) Identify its composition & organization
3) Identify its responsibilities
4) Assess its power/influence
5) Identify potential problems
• The European council
Informal semiregular meeting of the heads of member states
Heads of State or Government of EU countries.
It was not recognized as a formal recently.
Regular meeting (4 times a year minimum, lately 6/7)
Highest level of political and policymaking decisions
• The Council of Ministers or the Council
Government Ministers of each EU country
Weekly meetings – very regular ongoing working schedule – council constantly
Detailed decision and passing of EU law
Its permanent. Working all the time, making decisions every day
• The Council of Europe
NOT an EU institution (46 members, all 27 eu members , not
No supra nationality, just cooperation, each state has its sovereignty
Protect human rights, promote cultural diversity and combat discrimination and
prejudice ECHR (not part of EU but Human Right issues prestigious body)
• Council of Ministers
Member State representation (opposite to the commission)
Commission is based on supra nationality, defend and protect interest of Europe
not national state interest)
Government Ministers (rotating) + Commissioner
They represent the interest of their own countries. What best for France not EU as
an example. Protecting national interests
6 month Rotating presidency of each member state (more formal than powerful)
( someone has to control the debate and control the meetings) ( no special
Minister’s power (whole Government) – speaks of the whole country.
National Parliament control (accountability)
Permanent Representatives Committee (Coreper) representation at EU level.
Ambassadors of member states to EU. Applies to all issued except: finance,
external relations and agriculture) these 3 policy areas – they are specialized
working group for
1) General Affairs & External Relations ( 2009 and split later into 2)
2) Economic and Financial Affairs ( ECOFIN)
3) Justice and Home Affairs
4) Employment, Social, Health & Consumer Affairs
7) Agriculture and Fisheries
9) Education, Youth and Culture
All the ministers would deal with a particular configuration/issue directly. Environmental
issues for environment council.
2) Identify its composition and organization
• European Council
Presidents/Prime Ministers _ President of the Commission
High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy
(double representation of commission by 2