March 1st Enviro Notes Lecture notes Environment. This might be useful for the take-home exam?

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jean- Yves Haine

March 1stFirst Lecture After Reading WeekEnvironmentWhen it comes to the environment If you dont coordinate not only do you miss the global solution you could make it worseThe only global agreement is about limiting the rise in temperatureavoiding the worst case scenariorise in global temp above 2 degreesBut the very issue can be dealt with domesticallyClimate changewinners and losersClimate change there are winners and losersLow islandsrise in temp Can trigger threatened existenceAfter failure of copenhagen gov Of very small low land countries started to try and buy land elsewhere etcSweden in contrast would have everything to gainthey have arable land risingWinner and losersthe incentive to find a solution are vastly differentAsymmetry in vulnerabilitiesAsymmetry of responsibilityUndeniable that developed nations carry a greater burden for greenhouse gasesNorth rather than south is culpritDiff To ask developing countries to undertake the same level of efforts while the actual contribution to the problem in minimal if we are taking into account the records of the last centuryResponsibility for past behaviour and the consciousness of futureClimate change is long term problemLong term prospectdifficulties to find solutionlong term problem diff Incentive for short term actionPoliticians have a different clockabout being electedtheir time framework is only 45 yearsBureaucracies tend to do what they did yesterday since problem is long term it favours inactionMarkets dont respond well to long term issueDiff In price in oil is mostly triggered by sudden events rather than taking into account a long term projectHuman beings not very well fitted to think beyond our lifetime experienceDiff Computing problems that other generations will encounterThe nature of the explanationClimate change prospectsits case rests on very complex statistical projectionModels complex and disputedScientific community some disagreement on impact of CO2 emissions and climate changeLinear projectioncurrent tendencies projected on long term but tendencies arent linear ie reports in sixties made predictions that didnt take into account advances in tech since etcProblems that are huge can disappear ie over a hundred years agoproblem of horse poop on streets of city being overwhelminginvent streetcars no longer problem
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