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Political Science
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Victoria Wohl

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POL 214 Exam Review. Second Semester Social and Economic setting Canada vales four things Material Well Being Equality Quality of Life Independence Material Well Being Canada remains among the richest in terms of purchasing power parties. This affects problems of poverty, due to the fact our situation is better than most(ex) Unemployment rate in Ontario is much higher due to Outsourcing, the processof moving jobs to locations where they pay less. This has helped the service economy become dominant compared to the blue collar one. Equality Canada has image of no poor and no rich(False) Gap of rich and poorer less than in other industrialized countries, which social security benefits included. Gap is growing how ever. Poverty Lines o Poverty Lines are relative o Are research tool for measuring groups of income o Some are better than others Native Canadians are lowest unemployed, reserve rate only half of average Only 50% of natives get their money from working, 49% percent below poverty line Women more likely to be poor, poverty rate is 1/3 highway 40% women head single families fall below poverty line, under 25 poverty rate is close to 70 percent Socioeconomic Mobility social stratification is high and tough to move to next bracket. Intergenerational mobility seems to be easier in Canada. o Education was attached to parental education o Fathers income have greater effect on son than daughter, etc. o Affluence of area closely associated with boys incomes, etc. Immigrants are dramatically falling behind on the economic scale, more so than women or Aboriginals immigrants with degrees and higher education are immigrating here, but are earning less because there are more people that are educated Corporate elite control a lot of wealth, reproduce through self recriumtment Deliberate Discrimination: Predejuce some feel towards other groups. Systemic discrimination: predejuice with out intent: (women getting custody of kids 90% percent of time. Choice of employment Situational politics: ( affirmative action) The above are reasons of inequality in Canada Quality of life Canada has less crime and poverty than states However Natives have bad quality of life Quality of life depends on Material well being to many Collection of statistics different than other countries. Welfare gap: The same of widening ? Independence Canada for the most part has self governance. Gained through several constitutional procedures Queen Elizabeth still head of state. Canadian still dependent of US for economy , not as much recently We depend of foreign capital like other industrialized nations Political Culture What does it mean to be Canadian? Ideology = Set of Informed beliefs about how society should work Ideologue = Political Junkie (ex Dennis Amoakohene and Neville Britto) Ideologists that came out of the French Revolution felt that liberalism was the best representation of order and freedom o Wanted to create a science of ideas o Unify society so that it operates harmoniously A body of ideas that reflects the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group or culture Ideology expresses the most fundamental ideas about the nature of the individual, society and the relationship between the individual and society o This is liberal because it makes the distinction between individual and society Weight people assign to freedom quality national prestige and social order is one aspect of political culture. Deals with political principles. Individual Personality another indicator of ideology(Canadians more quiet) Three positions, Left right and Centre, centre reps mainstream Right represents individualistic beliefs and vice versa (Left= collectivist belief) Left Much more likely to given weight to different thing effects on society Libertarians = individual should be chooser of all things and be allowed largest amount of freedom Canadians more likely to go for greater good. Three ideologies = Socialism, Liberalism and Conservative Criteria to Classify Parties as Left or Right Asking experts MPs values individualist vs. collectivist MPs socio-economic status (SES) Voter Support Voter Perception Party Finance who pays for the party? Corporate sponsors and individuals is it a right wing party or many donations from a number of people is a leftist party Three ideologies = Socialism, Liberalism and Conservative Classical Liberalism o Individual freedom is maximized o |Economics are free/competitive o Recognized due to merit o Capitalist economy produces happy society o All just government rest on the consent of the governed o Party system is competitive o Government should be small o Separation between church and state o Conservatism o Tradition social order o Liked together by rights and obligations o Natural social hierarchy bases of status o Right to govern comes from god o States preserves social order o The state is superior to society o Government is small
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