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Political Science
Victoria Wohl

Canadian Politics Theoren Abate What we will go through this year The Canadian Constitution 3 pillar system, 1 Machinery of Government, 2 Freedoms, 3 Charter of Rights of Freedoms How government works, ie. Party systems The social effect on politics in different areas Canada in relation to itself, Toronto vs other cities Canada in relation to other nations, mainly US Canada in relation to the people who immigrated here What Location within Canada has to do with our diversity as a nation Interest groups The Canadian Constitution What a constitution is o The constitution is the Governing principals of a nations o The outlines and division of powers among different parts of government o The courts use it to interpret the law and it can spell out the division of powers among multi level governments o It is the supreme law of the land in a given territory, it is the fundamental law in a geographical area o The constitution says that it is the supreme law o The constitution of 1982 did not replace or override the BNA act, it just added to the BNA act. o Section 52 states that the constitution of Canada is the supreme law and any law inconsistent of the constitution is deemed to have no force or effect www.notesolution.como The Sections 1-33 set forth the rights and freedoms of everyone in Canada o A constitution establishes and defines a political community o It establishes what Canada is and defines them o It is a badge of nation and defines us as a country o There have often been major overturning of the constitution after wars or other major events o The notion of constitution has changed all over the world. The BNA act constitution usually meant parliament, and the rights they gave you, unless it was common law o With the growth of the nation, the structures and constitution has evolved to adapt for this growth and change o Many terms of the constitution have been spelt out by the courts o The BNA act set out the rights and powers but didnt set forth for things that hadnt become issues yet, ex. Environmental which falls into both o They changed it in 1982, giving residual powers o In many cases they will work out a deal bw the government and provinces o They all deal with the issues of who should rule, and who governs o Just because there is a constitution that outlines the rights but it does not guarantee that the rights will be followed, but without this there would be no protection at all o There are many different rules in every nation it varies o It established the machinery of the political community o It reflects and establishes the beliefs of the political community, it is shaped by the citizens and people of Canada o They shape people through their influence o The constitution links the past present and future together o The constitution cannot be seen as a document but as a point of starting and the essence of the constitution can grow as the nation does o The constitution is a product of consciousness and the imagination of the people of Canada o The constitutional vision of every individual is different and is internal o The Constitution is living The three pillars of the constitution o There are three pillars to government, responsible government came in 1848 and made the citizens vote count o The second pillar is federalism and it is spelled out in sections 91-93 o The third pillar is the Charter. o The first pillar is governed by convention and the second and third pillar is governed by the Constitution What the Constitution and the constitution are and what the differences September 21, 2010 TURNITIN Course ID: 2502532, Password: canada (lower case) 1. What is a constitution? (last week) 2. 3 Constitutional Pillars (last Week) 3. Big C vs. Little c Constitution the Constitution is the written sections established in 1867 and 1982 The constitution is the customs and conventions Constitution is entrenched and cannot be changed without the use of the amending formula The Supreme Court of Canada is not actually established in the Constitution There are several things that are conventions of the constitution and are not written down and allowed them to be included in the constitution
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