Parties and Parties Systems 2/7/2012 3:56:00 PM
Parties: Non-state organizations that seek to control/influence state executive (gov’t)
people who share the objective to control/influence, but they are not part of the state
Party Systems: effective # of parties that exists in a polity, power of each, relation among
Important enough to have some impact, large voter-base, has people in the gov’t
big enough to matter to other parties
Types of parties:
Cadre vs. mass: Who controls?
o Tight group at the top leading
o Cadre: controlled by small elite; emerged in the legislature; most early parties,
from 19 C.
o Mass: ‘rank and file’ control; non-parl. origins: unions, farmer orgs, NGO’s,
ordinary person joins the party, much larger, anyone can propose
o R. Michels, ‘Iron Law of Oligarchy’: Parties wan