POL300 Midterm Study Guide Part1.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jody Boyer/ Tom Malleson

POL300 Midterm Study Guide Peaceable Kingdom • A Christian ideal • The reign of the righteous • Evil will suffer • Significance: o People will do right/good so that they will not endure hell in the after life  Final judgment: heaven/hell o The ideal world would be one where everyone does good o Attempts to rid the world of evil, suffering and wrong doing.  Sermon on the Mount • Found in Gospel of Matthew  • Emphasis on moral teachings lead by Jesus  • Debate over literalness? • Significance: o If one lives a moral life that would result in a peaceable kingdom and  evil, suffering and wrongdoing would be rid from the world. o Presents two kingdoms: A dual citizenship  Christens as members of the city of God must “love their  enemies”  Members of earthly city might have to participate in war  But is religion  o Main focus on what is RIGHT and what GOD wants people to do Civil Disobedience • Thoreau  o The term was actually not mentioned in Thoreau’s essay o However, it means to rebel against a law that one believes is immoral o Significance:  Shows relationship between “conscience” and “civil law”  Creates a moral critique of the majority  Seeks to connect freedom and morality • The notion that personal freedom and morality are greater  than law J. Robert Oppenheimer • One of the creators of the atomic bomb  • Quoted the Gita in regards to his atomic bomb involvement o "Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds." • Significance: o A way of reconciling his personal pacifism with his job as a scientist  o He is basically saying; "I am evil. A real god can create life, but all I can  do is destroy it at a mass level­­at the level of a world rather than just  individually or in small groups." The Net of Faith Holy Fool • Tolstoy o Mentioned in his book "Childhood. Boyhood. Youth" • One who acts intentionally foolish in the eyes of men • Holy fools went around the town begging for food “in the name of Christ” • “It is not the holy fool who is foolish, but everyone else” • Holy fools actively sought pain and humiliation in the name of God John Brown • Associated with Thoreau • He was an American abolitionist who used violent actions to fight slavery  • Stated that “It seems as if no man has died in America before” • Significance: o Thoreau believed that people should rebel against things that are morally  wrong o John Brown took this literally and fought violently against slavery in the  southern US o A form of civil disobedience • He ended up being hung for what he believed in  • Thoreau wrote “A Plea for Captain Brown” to attempt to stop his hanging  Transcendentalism • Thoreau • Rejection of Unitarianism, rational religion, miracles “evidence” of the truth of  Christianity, order, harmony, rationalism • Connection to divine through nature that goes beyond sense o Intuition o Feeling • Significance: o Thoreau lived as a transcendentalist  o Moved to the woods o Wanted to be one with nature  o He believed that man should live a life of quite desperation o Sought to remove himself from the political life to live at peace  “If the injustice has a spring, or a pulley, or a rope, or a crank, exclusively for itself, then perhaps you may consider whether the remedy will not be worse than the evil; but if its is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law.” • Thoreau  • Brings in concept of civil disobedience  • Creates a moral critique of the majority • If one does not see an action to be moral than they shouldn’t engage in such  actions • Personal freedom and morality are greater than law, therefore if you need to  break the law for those reasons than you should Swaraj is “the constantly confirmed consciousness of being in charge of one’s destiny, not just about liberty but about power”. • Gandhi  • Swaraj= political freedom • One should have political, spiritual and economic freedom • Significance: o Gandhi fought for Swaraj against the British  o He was fighting for freedom that was deeper than just political freedom o Wanted freedom from any constraints and the right to self­mastery o Similar to Thoreau, he believed in civil disobedience (through peaceful  protest)  “The soul meaning of life is to serve humanity by contributing to the establishment of the kingdom of God, which can only be done by the recognition and profession of the truth by every man.” • Tolstoy  • Believed everyone should live by the way of god  • His beliefs were centered around the Sermon on the Mount • True believer in non­violence • Tolstoy believed that a true Christian could find lasting happiness by striving for  inner self­perfection through following the Great Commandment of loving one's  neighbor and God o Rather than looking outward to the Ch
More Less

Related notes for POL300H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.