June 17 lecture 10 notes (week 6 before midterm).pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Abbas Gnamo

Lect 10POL301Wk 5Prof Abbas GnamoGovPol in AfricaTues Jun 17African Democratic TransitionMovement towards Democracy in AfricaAlthough most African countries were granted independence under a multiparty system before long military rule and oneparty states typied African regimesOne key feature of postindependence authoritarian rule in Africa was the personalized rule of big men who sought to cultivate authority through a logic of loyalty and deference in exchange for unity order and developmentAfter 1989 however Africa witnessed a sudden resurgence of democracyThe vast majority of African countries held multiparty elections albeit of widely divergent qualityIn some dictators peacefully ceded power to elected opposition leaders In others the ruling party controlled the process to ensure that it would not loseAfricans 10 Big Men1President Zine AlAbidine Ben Ali of Tunisiacame to power in a bloodless coup in 1987Took over from Habib Bourguiba amid the claims the latter was unt to govern owing to senilityForced to leave by massive uprising in 20112President Blaise Compaore of Berkina Fassau3King Mswati III of Swaziland1986 came to power was the heir 24 years4President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda28 years5President Paul Biya of Cameroon1982 rst postindependence leader6President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt30 yearsTook over after assassination of President Sadat in 19817President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe31 yearsFeb 1980 after a long guerrilla war his Zanu party won the elections after Zimbabwe had won its independence from Britain8President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos of Angola33 years 1979Oil wealth but 60 of Angolans live on less than 1 a daySomehow won election in 2002 with 97 of the vote9President of Ghadaf 10 Africa from MonoPartyism to MultiPartyismFor many years following decolonization in the 1960s Africas best prospects for democracy appeared to lie in Anglophone countries due to relatively favourable democratic legacy of British colonial ruleThe problems of multiparty system in newly independent Africa was that class difference were much less deep and sharp than in Europe The parties were seldom created to represent different class interests and therefore different policies
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