National Values in Canadian Foreign Policy
o Canada’s Values:
1. Multilateralism (Institutionalism)
3. Anti-Militarization of Space
4. Environnemental Respect
5. Democracy and democratization
6. Social Equity
7. Human Rights and Tolerance
8. Civil Society Involvement
9. Rule of Law
11. International Development Assistance
Canada’s Distinctive National Values: John Kirton’s Six
1. Anti-armament (arms control)
2. Anti-armed forces.
4. Anti-nuclear weapons:
5. Anti-foreign offensive intelligence:
1. Minority Languages and Cultures are respected and granted rights.
2. Slavery was outlawed early very on.
3. Genocide averted
4. Diversity celebrated.
1. Commercial Bulk Water Exports.
2. Public Opinion Priorities.
1. Preference for shared citizenship
2. Identification with a global community
o International Institutionalism
“a passion for creating international institutions to foster political
community among citizens, rather than merely managing relations
among countries around the world (Kirton 2007: 24).”
Seven Questions on Foreign Policy:
o 1) Rank
Rank has five components:
1) Myth and model of historical process
2) Objective capabilities
3) Assertive capabilities
4) Acknowledges status
5) Adaptive resilience
o 2) Activity
o 3) Association
o 4) Order
o 5) External Determinants
o 6) Societal Determinants
o 7) Governmental Determinants
1) Liberal Internationalists
the most dominant theory that helps to explain Canadian Foreign Policy,