POL359 Theories of Integration .docx

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Political Science
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Theories of Integration Tuesday, September 17, 2013 10:16 AM  Why do we integrate and what are the sources of integration?  Moravsick:  The source of European integration is war.  Europe has failed to be supranational.  The danger for Europe is that the generation that waged war no longer controls the helm of Europe.  Europe can fall apart and disintegrate.  Cooper and Snider allude to this that it will be nationalism from the periphery. Europe has to come up with ways to prevent the resurgence of nationalism. Conditions for peripheral nationalist development projects should not be allowed.   1915  War was waged that had catastrophic consequences.  The First World War was very much an Austrian issue. This was a third Balkan War, one that brought in all of Europe. Austria intended to suppress the development of Serbia into a world power.  Everyone believed the war would be short.  The end of the war set Europe on a trajectory towards a 30 year war. From 1914 there was some point of conflict that emerged from 1914 until the Second World War.  The first impact of the First World War was the elimination of empires in Europe.  The peacemakers in 1919 had to redraw the boundaries of Europe with the pretense of:  Punishing Germany  Preventing the spread of Bolshevism  Control national self determination  First and foremost creating stability, but also sustainability.  Ethnic/national minorities and the prevention of minority conflicts (called for the first codified rights of minorities)  Creation of a League of Nations  New States:  Finland  Estonia  Lithuania  Latvia  Poland  Czechoslovakia  Hungary  Austria  Yugoslav  Albania  Greece  These states were forced and obligated to treat minorities with law  The issue with the war was that it also destroyed all trade. The Hapsburg empire had great economic success but was now supplanted by brand new states that were by their nature, nationalizing states. They are by their very creation, hostile to any minorities. The minorities in those states are perceived as destructive.  The biggest single dilemma is the Hungarian question. There was a large Hungarian minority created. Furthermore, the issue of the German minority was also a
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