Theories of Integration
Tuesday, September 17, 2013
Why do we integrate and what are the sources of integration?
The source of European integration is war.
Europe has failed to be supranational.
The danger for Europe is that the generation that waged war no
longer controls the helm of Europe.
Europe can fall apart and disintegrate.
Cooper and Snider allude to this that it will be nationalism from
the periphery. Europe has to come up with ways to prevent the
resurgence of nationalism. Conditions for peripheral nationalist
development projects should not be allowed.
War was waged that had catastrophic consequences.
The First World War was very much an Austrian issue. This was a
third Balkan War, one that brought in all of Europe. Austria
intended to suppress the development of Serbia into a world
Everyone believed the war would be short.
The end of the war set Europe on a trajectory towards a 30 year
war. From 1914 there was some point of conflict that emerged
from 1914 until the Second World War.
The first impact of the First World War was the elimination of
empires in Europe.
The peacemakers in 1919 had to redraw the boundaries of
Europe with the pretense of:
Preventing the spread of Bolshevism
Control national self determination
First and foremost creating stability, but also sustainability.
Ethnic/national minorities and the prevention of minority
conflicts (called for the first codified rights of minorities)
Creation of a League of Nations
These states were forced and obligated to treat minorities
The issue with the war was that it also destroyed all trade. The
Hapsburg empire had great economic success but was now
supplanted by brand new states that were by their nature,
nationalizing states. They are by their very creation, hostile to
any minorities. The minorities in those states are perceived as
The biggest single dilemma is the Hungarian question. There was
a large Hungarian minority created. Furthermore, the issue of the
German minority was also a