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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman

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PSY100 #16 child development Nov 5-Thursday: By SiLu Liu
Development (chect ppt)
Feral Child
e.g. 1970, a 13-year-old girl looks like 6-8 year old. Her motor ability was very limited.
For more than 10 years, she was locked in a tiny, dark room with no human contact
except beating if she made noise. She understood a few words and could form only brief
sentences and showed few signs of emotion or interest in connecting with those around
her.
(
once a pattern has been placedits hard to change)
For 4 years, she was cared for and formed close relationships with psychologists who
attempted to rehabilitate her with therapy, education etc. she learned some vocabulary,
formed some social connections, but her development was brutally stunted and she
made meaningful, but limited progress. At 18 her mother regained custody, cut off all
contact with her caretaker, later lost custody again, and Genie disappeared into a world
of >>>
-extreme cases like these show us that being human is, like pretty much everything
weve learned about, more like a skill than an innate ability; its something we learn
through PRACTICE
(being a functional human is a skill)
-being “humanis something we BECOME, rather than merely something we ARE
-becoming a functional human is about being cultured, being bathed in language,
cultural practices and affection
The Importance of Social Contact
-a key theme in developmental psychology is that humans are profoundly social beings
-who we are depends to an extraordinary degree on the human contact we have
throughout our lives, from learning language to developing a sense of emotional
security, to adopting the beliefs, habits, and even prejudices, etc., of our families
(parents have very strong influence on us)
-the central part of this process is the formation of attachment
Attachment
-attachment is the bond that develops between the caregiver and child; the emotional
connection
-babies are designed to form attachments, and elicit attachment-forming behaviours
from adults
e.g. holding out arms, smiling, crying, settling down when held
-adults respond almost automatically; e.g. picking up, exaggerated expressions, higher
pitched voices
-first “social smileoccurs 4-6 weeks of age…(and its good thing it does…)
Infants are social beings
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PSY100 #16 child development Nov 5-Thursday: By SiLu Liu
-even very young infants have highly INTERactive relationships.
e.g. emotional attunement: infants as young as 10 weeks get extremely upset when their
mothers stop showing any facial expressions of emotion
2
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