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PSY100H1 Final: PSY100H1 Final Exam Study GuidePremium

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Dan Dolderman
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Final Exam Study Guide

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Tuesday 13th September 2016
PSY100H1 - Lecture 1
“ Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our
response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom.”
- Victor Frankl
We assume that a person acts the way they do because of certain conditions, perhaps because
of the way they grew up.
Why do we do the things we do? What about free will? Do we claim responsibility for our
We assume humans are deterministic, but we also think that humans are free.
We can still choose our response. We have that power.
Why do you want to study psychology?
-Is it interesting?
-Do you want to help people?
-Is it an easy class?
The course can be a drag, mostly because of the amount if reading.
However, no matter how accessible the reasons are (how easy it is for you to know your
reasons for doing something), the kind of reasons are really important.
Extrinsic vs Intrinsic Reasons
You either have an extrinsic or intrinsic
Extrinsic reasons:
*more superficial
The best way to learn is to be passionate. This is why intrinsic goals tend to lead many to
success. Extrinsic reasons for attending this class can make it be a drag. The more extrinsic the
reason, the harder it is to sustain the motivation.
What Victor Frankl means is: by choosing, we get to take reality and choose our own story. How
do we do that?
Intrinsic reasons:
*more meaningful because you’re fascinated
-self knowledge

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Tuesday 13th September 2016
If you spend enough time doing an activity (dance, violin, etc.), you experience a phenomenon,
whereby the brain integrates links within the essence of your neurobiology with the skill, into
your every action. Even though you may have a hard time at first, enough practice will lead to
such a phenomenon. Things start to cohere.
The Fundamental Insights of Psychology:
The insights give value to/eases understanding of the study of psychology.
1) Reality is a story and is told to us by our brains.
Take it seriously. If reality doesn't effect us directly, it opens up a new door. As Victor Frankl
said: there is a space between the stimulus and the reaction. The freedom to choose.
In between reality and our experience, there is interpretation. The way you interpret reality
effects you differently.
You can design your own rollercoaster instead of hanging on for dear life.
our brains are not mirrors, they are artists
-Our brains do not reflect reality itself, like a mirror.
-We take reality and create our own construction/interpretation, like artists.
-The info gets mediated , so you experience the interpretation, not the mirror image.
-The construction process includes a lot of “fill in the blanks” and “guesswork”.
-The subjective representation occurs within the brain
-The interpretation changes according to the state of the brain.
-Our brains are housed within our body, and are highly affected by our body
-If you have an insecurity, your interpretation would drastically changed.
-Cognitive therapy/ drugs can change the way you think as well.
-If you exercise and strengthen your core muscles, your interpretation changes.
reality is a “mind-body” process of creative story telling
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