Social psychologists maintain that nothing is typically wrong with these people. They say that they are normal people who are caught up in overwhelming situations that shape their actions. Social psychologists focus on the situational factors and they say that people are usually obedient to authority in times of war (which could lead to the gross torturing of prisoners) During wartime, people likely view the world as consisting of us and them . The enemy group is to be treated in a dehumanized fashion, portrayed by evil and inferiority. The key factor about social psychology: the power of situations in affecting human behaviour. Stanford prison study: normal college students were assigned to play the role of guards in a mock prison. They became brutal and violent within days because of the role they were supposed to play. When explaining other peoples behaviour, we tend to overemphasize the importance of personality traits and underestimate the importance of the situation.