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PSY100H1- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Ashley Waggoner Denton
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTSG
PSY100H1
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Intro to Psychology: History & Overview of Psychology
Ch. 1 What is Psychology?
What is Psych
The scientific study of  the human mind and how it works
Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior
Psychology is scientific because it is based on empiricism
Empiricism is a term used by John Locke and means that
our only source of knowledge comes from senses which
helped with the argument of logic and reasoning
**Knowledge from what we’ve seen and
experienced**
Mind
the contents of subjective experience
sensations, thoughts, and emotions
Behavior
observable actions
thought and feelings
activities of cells
Psychology is a recent field that was introduced less than 150 years ago (the
first experimental class at UofT started at 1890 (UofT is home to the first
psych class in Canada and Britain)
Before the 19th century psych was a mixture of theology, philosophy
and anatomy
Comes from a Greek word for the study of the psyche or soul
Roots of Modern Psychology
in the late 1800's both physiologists and philosophers were investigating the
mind
philosophy looked at "why"
physiology looked at the "how"
Philosophy
Ideas of about the acquisition of knowledge
Physiology
Progress in understanding the nervous system, senses, etc
both studies came together to create the idea of applying the methods
of science to the study of human behavior
The First psych schools
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Wilhelm Wundt (founder of experimental psychology)
established psychology as an independent science
first psychology lab, in Germany (1879)
defined psychology as the study of conscious experience
typical questions
how are sensations turned into mental awareness of the outside
world?
what are the basic elements of thought?
The ISM's
Structuralism (does not exist in modern times but does have an impact in the
analyzation portion)
Edward Titchner was the founder of structuralism
Analyzed consciousness into basic elements and studied how
they are related
introspection - systematic self-observation of one's own
conscious experiences
Functionalism
William James was the founder of functionalism
Functionalists are influenced by Darwin's way of thinking and are
interested in the "why" and describing everything
investigate the function, or purpose of consciousness, rather than its
structure
Functionalist activities
leaned toward applied work and more natural settings
development in children
educational practices
usefulness of memory techniques
Behaviourism
John Watson (1878 - 1958)
attack on introspection
psychology, as a science, should focus on observable behavior
mental processed cannot be studied directly, so don't try!
often referred to as Stimulus-Response psychology
B.F. Skinner (1904 - 1990)
like Watson, all behavior can be explained by
stimulus-response pairing
emphasized the importance of reinforcement and punishment
Psychology (1920's - 1960's)
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