PSY100H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Brainstem, Orgasm, Basal Ganglia

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PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
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Phrenology: an early method of assessing personality traits and mental abilities by measuring bumps on the skull. Broce"s area: the left frontal region of the brain that is crucial to the production of language. Spinal cord: rope of neural tissue that runs inside the hollows of the vertebrae, from just above the pelvis up into the base of the skull. The cord is composed of two distinct tissue types: Gray matter: dominated by the cell bodies of neurons. White matter: consists mostly of axons and the fatty sheaths that surround them. Brainstem: houses the most basic programs of survival, such as breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, and orgasm. Reticular formation: large neural tissue involved in behavioural arousal and sleep-wake cycle. Cerebellum: essential for coordinated movement and balance. Hypothalamus: vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behaviour, and motivation. Thalamus: receives incoming sensory information before it reaches the cortex. Hippocampus: a brain structure important for the formation of certain types of memory.