PSY100H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Electrophysiology, Observer-Expectancy Effect, Positron Emission Tomography

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PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
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Replication: repetition of an experiment to confirm the results. Theory: ideas that explains what is observed and makes predictions about future events. Hypothesis: a specific prediction of what should be observed in the world if a theory is correct. Research: scientific process that involves the systematic and careful collection of data. Variables: something in the world that can be measured and that can vary. Operational definition: the quantification of a variable that allows it to be measured. Experiment: a study wherein variables are both measured and manipulated. Independent variable: what is manipulated to examine its impact on the dependent variable. Dependent variable: what is measured; it is affected by manipulation of the independent variable. Confound: anything affecting a dependent variable that may unintentionally vary between the different experimental conditions of a study. Random assignment: placing research participants into an experiment to have an equal chance of being assigned to any level of the independent variable.