PSY100H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 195 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018
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Final EXAM
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PSY100 Lecture 1
Extrinsic prizes, levels, points, gold star
Intrinsic passion, purpose, learning, drive
Experimental Participation:
-4 experiments = 4% of grade
Fundamental Insights of Psychology? START OF 1ST LECTURE
There are lessos that a century + of psychology research has taught us, and they can deeply
change the way you understand yourself.
Fundanemtal Insight #1:
-Reality is a story, told to us by our brains. How our consciousness experiences reality.
Our brains are artists, not mirrors:
-Brais do’t reflet realit, the are reatie artists, paitig a piture, The eae together
information to give us our stream of consciousness.
-Our eperiees do ot reflet realit itself, ut rather a ostrutio, or representation of
reality.
1) This construction process involves a lot of guesswork fillig i the gaps, ad our rais do
this uosiousl.We uild a realit, ut e do’t ko ho e uilt it.
2) This subjective representation occurs within the brain.
We only have access to a limited subset of reality.
The limitations of our sensory-perceptual system are due to:
-the sensitivity of our sensory mechanisms
-our attentional capacity
Yellow arrows are everything he is being bombared by, red arrows are ones that he can actualy
pick up.
Perception is figuring out a persons best guess of what is going on.
Speed accuracy tradeoff. As speed increases, accuracy decrease.
Humans are fast perceivers. A lot of our actions occur unconsciously.
Perception is a process of creative storytelling and inference making. We have to fill in a lot of
gaps.
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This is highl futioal…. Most of the tie, lloig our rais to futio super-efficiently,
with a small cost of accueacy.
Much more profoundly though, this means that we are ot directly interacting with reality, but
rather, e are reatig a fitio aout realit ad iteratig ith this fitio. Ad e hope it’s
a pretty close match.
But how does the Mind perceive Reality?
-Perception is (often understood as) a process of pattern-matching.
-In a sense, your brain looks for a correspondence between patterns that have been stored in it
through our past experiences, and the patterns of sensory stimuli it is currently experiencing.
Its deodig realit.
-of ourse, this is’t etirel true: its ot as though our rai is lookig through soe
cognitive search space, as much as it is biologically activating certain pathways more than
others… so our rai is atuall trasforig realit.
-what the brain has learned to see in the past, is largely what it sees in the present. (if you have
seen a gorilla in the past, you will later on register it as a gorilla in the present).
-what it cannot decode, it either guesses about (if it has some reasonable info), or misses, or
just sees what it wants to see.
Fundamental Insights #1:
Reality is a story, told to us by our brains.
Implication?
We do’t lie i a real orld, ut i a ostruted represetatio.
This construction process involves interpreting patterns of sensory information based on pre-
existing patterns stored in the brain & body.
Fundamental Insights #1:
More sutl, this situates our uderstafig of id at a iterfae – the connections-
between. If consciousness happened at the interface, it would be different. Instead of it being a
relationship of the inner world and the outer world.
Muh of our proessig of iforatio oures ipliitl, su represetatioall. Thus,
understanding this insight takes you right to th point of understanding how we construct reality
at an essential leel, ho our o ahier orks… ad oe surprisig ad iediate
discovery its ot ratioal! What e are, is eodied aareess.
Fundamental Insight #2:
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Document Summary

There are (cid:862)lesso(cid:374)s(cid:863) that a century + of psychology research has taught us, and they can deeply change the way you understand yourself. Reality is a story, told to us by our brains. Brai(cid:374)s do(cid:374)"t refle(cid:272)t realit(cid:455), the(cid:455) are (cid:272)reati(cid:448)e artists, pai(cid:374)ti(cid:374)g a pi(cid:272)ture, the(cid:455) (cid:449)ea(cid:448)e together information to give us our stream of consciousness. We only have access to a limited subset of reality. The limitations of our sensory-perceptual system are due to: Yellow arrows are everything he is being bombared by, red arrows are ones that he can actualy pick up. Perception is figuring out a persons best guess of what is going on. Perception is a process of creative storytelling and inference making. We have to fill in a lot of gaps. Most of the ti(cid:373)e, llo(cid:449)i(cid:374)g our (cid:271)rai(cid:374)s to fu(cid:374)(cid:272)tio(cid:374) super-efficiently, with a small cost of accueacy.

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