PSY100H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Prototype 2, Short-Term Memory, Operant Conditioning

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13 Dec 2018
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1. Carina is trying to decide what word is formed by w_ed. She could fill in the blank with every
letter from a to z until she found a word, or she could start with e because it is the most frequently
occurring letter. If she tried every letter, Carina would be using a(n) ____________. If she starts
with e, Carina would be using a(n) _________.
1. algorithm; heuristic
2. heuristic; algorithm
3. taxonomic approach; thematic approach
4. thematic approach; taxonomic approach
1. Students taking an introductory class in a subject that is completely new to them often find that
the material seems very disorganized and confusing at the beginning. As the class progresses the
information seems to become better structured and the students find it easier to integrate and
interpret new material. One important reason for this happy change is that the students are
developing ____________ that allow them to make sense of, organize, and utilize information in
memory.
1. prototypes
2. heuristics
3. schemas
4. feature lists
1. One of the best ways to remember factual information is to relate it to something personal. In this
way, you are taking advantage of your ____________ memory to aid retrieval from your
____________ memory.
1. implicit; explicit
2. explicit; implicit
3. episodic; semantic
4. semantic; episodic
1. You witness a car accident and watch one of the cars drive away from the scene. Even though
you have just seen the license plate, you cannot remember what it was. The license plate was
probably not:
1. encoded
2. perceived
3. retrieved
4. transduced
1. Yang believes that a whale is a fish, because a whale swims. Yang’s misconception suggests that
he is using a(n) ____________ model for the fish category.
1. prototype
2. rule-based
3. holistic
4. exemplar
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In a memory experiment, participants in Group A are asked to just listen to a list of words. Group B is
asked to repeat the word list over and over again until it is time to recall it. Group C is asked to connect
each word in the list to a meaningful personal memory.
1. Which group is engaging in maintenance rehearsal?
1. Group A
2. Group B
3. Group C
4. Both Group B and Group C
1. Which group would be the most likely to remember the word list one week later?
1. Group A
2. Group B
3. Group C
4. Both Group B and Group C
1. When David first moved to Austin he had to rely on the GPS in his car. Over time, David found
that he could navigate the city without using his GPS. David must have developed a
____________ of the city.
1. concept
2. prototype
3. mental map
4. set of defining attributes
1. If you can remember exactly what you did yesterday but have trouble remembering the names of
the 13 provinces, then you have excellent ____________ memory but somewhat poor
____________ memory.
1. episodic; semantic
2. procedural; explicit
3. semantic; episodic
4. explicit; procedural
5. implicit; explicit
1. Nadia changed her computer password on Monday. On Friday, she realizes that she failed to
change the password in one system. When she tries to get in to that system with her old password,
she cannot remember it; her new password keeps coming to mind. Nadia’s problem is due to:
1. blocking
2. proactive interference
3. absentmindedness
4. retroactive interference
1. If your mean neighbour has taught his dog to fear the sound of a bell by pairing it with an
electrical shock, what would be the conditioned response?
1. the shock
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Document Summary

Carina is trying to decide what word is formed by w_ed. She could fill in the blank with every letter from a to z until she found a word, or she could start with e because it is the most frequently occurring letter. If she tried every letter, carina would be using a(n) ____________. As the class progresses the information seems to become better structured and the students find it easier to integrate and interpret new material. In this way, you are taking advantage of your ____________ memory to aid retrieval from your. ____________ memory. implicit; explicit: explicit; implicit, episodic; semantic, semantic; episodic, you witness a car accident and watch one of the cars drive away from the scene. Even though you have just seen the license plate, you cannot remember what it was. The license plate was probably not: encoded, perceived, retrieved transduced, yang believes that a whale is a fish, because a whale swims.

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