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all you need to know for personality

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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THE BIG FIVE
The Big Five (five-factor theory): The idea that personality can be described using five
traits
i)Openness to experience (imaginative vs. down to earth, variety vs. routine)
ii)Conscientiousness (organized vs. disorganized, careful vs. careless)
iii)Extraversion (social vs. retiring, affectionate vs. reserved)
iv)Agreeableness (softhearted vs. ruthless, helpful vs. uncooperative)
v)Neuroticism (worried vs. calm, self pitying vs. self satisfied)
Easy way to remember them: OCEAN
Each of these five factors is a higher order trait comprising of lower-order traits that are
related toeach other. E.g. conscientiousness is determined by how carefl and organized
someone is, while agreeabless refers to the extent that a person is or is not trusting and
helpful. Those high in openness to exp are imaginative and independent whereas those low
in this basic trait are down to earth and conformist.
There is strong evidence that proves the five factor theory is actually effective.
It has been able to predict a wide variety of different behavior like their satisfaction with
jobs, marriage, and life in general.
However there is controversy behind it, as its trait terms are descriptive rather than
explanatory and because all human personality cant be deduced to 5 simple traits and
which ignores human subtleties.
This five factor theory may also apply to animals and not only just to humans.
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Description
THE BIG FIVE The Big Five (five-factor theory): The idea that personality can be described using five traits i) Openness to experience (imaginative vs. down to earth, variety vs. routine) ii) Conscientiousness (organized vs. disorganized, careful vs. careless) iii) Extraversion (social vs. retiring, affectionate vs. reserved) iv) Agreeableness (softhearted vs. ruthless, helpful vs. uncooperative) v) Neuroticism (worried vs. calm, self pitying vs. self satisfied) Easy way to remember them: OCEAN Each of these five factors is a higher order trait comprising of lower-order traits that are related toeach other. E.g. conscientiousness is determined by how carefl and organized someone is, while agreeabless refers to the ex
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