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2 Jan 2011
Chapter 15 t Treatment of Psychological Disorders
* The Elements of the Treatment Process
¾ Treatments: How many Types Are There?
¾ Clients: Who Seeks Therapy?
¾ Therapists: Who Provides Professional Treatment?
o Psychologists
o Psychiatrists
x Psychiatrists: Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological
o Other Mental Health Professionals
* Insight Therapies
x /v]PZdZ]W/vÀ}so]v]}v]vv}vZvo]v[o(-knowledge and thus
promote healthful changes in personality and behavior
¾ Psychoanalysis
x Psychoanalysis: An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts,
motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference
o Probing the Unconscious
x Free Association: When Clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as
they occur with as little censorship as possible
x uvoÇ]WtZvZZ]]vZÇu}o]uv]vP}(Zo]v[u
o Interpretation
x Int]}vWdZdZ]u}Æo]vZ]vv]Pv](]v}(Zo]v[
thoughts, feelings, memoires, and behaviors
o Resistance
x Resistance: Refers to Largely unconscious defensive manoeuvres intended to hinder the
progress of therapy
o Transference
x Transference: When clients unconsciously start relating to their therapist in ways that mimic
critical relationships in their lives
o Modern Psychodynamic Therapies
¾ Client-Centered Therapy
x Client-Centered Therapy: An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional
climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy
o Therapeutic Climate
o Therapeutic Process
¾ Cognitive Therapy
o Goals and Techniques
o Kinship with Behavior Therapy
¾ Group Therapy
x Group Therapy: The simultaneous treatment of several clients in a group
o W]]v[Z}o
o Advantages of the Group Experience
¾ Evaluating Insight Therapies
x Spontaneous Remission: A recovery from a disorder that occurs without formal treatment
* Behavior Therapies
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