N social schemas: organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and ppl. N stereotypes: widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group. N illusory correlation: when ppl estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association bw social traits than they have actually seem. An evolutionary perspective on bias in person perception. N attributions: inferences that ppl draw about the causes of events, others behavior, and their own behavior. N internal attributions: ascribe the causes of behavior to personal dispositions, traits, abilities, and feelings. N external attributions: ascribe the causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints. N fundamental attribution error: refers to observers bias in favor of internal attributions in explaining others behavior: defensive attribution, self-observing bias. N self- serving bias: the tendency to attribute ones successes to personal factors and ones failure to situational factors.