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Study Notes on PERSONALITY - date not accurate

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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PERSONALITY
We are searching for STABLE ATTRIBUTES of the SELF
We are arguing about how useful PERSONALITY CONSTRUCTS are
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES:
MICHEL huge variety in behaviour Power of the Situation
FREUD personality theories based on in-depth analysis of patients.
Analyzed conflicts between id, ego & superego to look for insights into
motivation & behaviour
DEFENCE MECHANISMS:
Unconscious mental strategies for coping with distress
Show us that our ways of thinking can be remarkably resistant to reality.
cognitive dissonance discrepancies between explanations to oneself and ones
own behaviour.
MECHANISM DEFINITION EXAMPLE
Denial Refusing to acknowledge source
problemSick person ignores
medical advice
Repression Trying to ignore/forget source
problem/source of anxietyBlocking out /not
remembering a rape
Projection Attributing qualities of yourself
you dont like/cant accept othersPerson with no
friends calls others
socially impaired
Reaction
Formation Overemphasizing the opposite of
an uncomfortable thought/feeling Gay Republican acts
extremely homophobic
Rationalizati
on Concocting a seemingly logical
excuse for otherwise shameful /
unexplainable behaviour
(FESTINGER & CARLSMITH)
I said the experiment
was fun because it
WAS, not cause I got
$1 to say that
Displacemen
tShifting emotional attention Yelling at your friend
after being insulted at
the gym
Sublimation Channeling social impulses into
constructive behaviourDexter
HUMANISTIC APPROACHES:
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PERSONALITY We are searching for STABLE ATTRIBUTES of the SELF We are arguing about how useful PERSONALITY CONSTRUCTS are PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES: MICHEL huge variety in behaviour Power of the Situation FREUD personality theories based on in-depth analysis of patients. Analyzed conflicts between id, ego & superego to look for insights into motivation & behaviour DEFENCE MECHANISMS: Unconscious mental strategies for coping with distress Show us that our ways of thinking can be remarkably resistant to reality. cognitive dissonance discrepancies between explanations to oneself and ones own behaviour. MECHANISM DEFINITION EXAMPLE Denial Refusing to acknowledge source Sick person ignores problem medical advice Repression Trying to ignoreforget source Blocking outnot problemsource of anxiety remembering a rape Projection Attributing qualities o
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