Study Notes on PERSONALITY - date not accurate

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10 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
PERSONALITY
We are searching for STABLE ATTRIBUTES of the SELF
We are arguing about how useful PERSONALITY CONSTRUCTS are
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES:
MICHEL huge variety in behaviour Power of the Situation
FREUD personality theories based on in-depth analysis of patients.
Analyzed conflicts between id, ego & superego to look for insights into
motivation & behaviour
DEFENCE MECHANISMS:
Unconscious mental strategies for coping with distress
Show us that our ways of thinking can be remarkably resistant to reality.
cognitive dissonance discrepancies between explanations to oneself and ones
own behaviour.
MECHANISM DEFINITION EXAMPLE
Denial Refusing to acknowledge source
problemSick person ignores
medical advice
Repression Trying to ignore/forget source
problem/source of anxietyBlocking out /not
remembering a rape
Projection Attributing qualities of yourself
you dont like/cant accept othersPerson with no
friends calls others
socially impaired
Reaction
Formation Overemphasizing the opposite of
an uncomfortable thought/feeling Gay Republican acts
extremely homophobic
Rationalizati
on Concocting a seemingly logical
excuse for otherwise shameful /
unexplainable behaviour
(FESTINGER & CARLSMITH)
I said the experiment
was fun because it
WAS, not cause I got
$1 to say that
Displacemen
tShifting emotional attention Yelling at your friend
after being insulted at
the gym
Sublimation Channeling social impulses into
constructive behaviourDexter
HUMANISTIC APPROACHES:
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

We are searching for stable attributes of the self. We are arguing about how useful personality constructs are. M ichel huge variety in behaviour power of the situation. Freud personality theories based on in-depth analysis of patients. Analyzed conflicts between id, ego & superego to look for insights into motivation & behaviour. Show us that our ways of thinking can be remarkably resistant to reality. cognitive dissonance discrepancies between explanations to oneself and ones own behaviour. Attributing qualities of yourself you don"t like/can"t accept  others. Concocting a seemingly logical excuse for otherwise shameful / unexplainable behaviour (festinger & carlsmith) Person with no friends calls others socially impaired. I said the experiment was fun because it. Yelling at your friend after being insulted at the gym. Emphasize integrated personal experiences (phenomenology) & belief systems, propose that people seek personal growth (self-actualization) Types: discrete categories based on globally-defined personality characteristics.

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