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PSY100H1 Study Guide - Positron Emission Tomography, Reinforcement, Interference Theory


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Levesque, Audrée

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Psychology Test 3 Iskender Piyale-Sheard
Study Notes
CHAPTER 1: The Science of Psychology
What is the definition of Psychology?
The scientific study of behavior and mental
processes
What are the 4 goals of psychology?
Observation, Explanation, Prediction, Control
Why is psychology a science?
It follows the scientific method
It gathers evidence
It develops new theories
What is observation?
Observing symptoms and behaviors
What is explanation?
Trying to understand the motivation reasons behind
one[s behavior.
What is prediction?
Under what circumstances is the behavior likely to
occur again? Hypothesis.
What is control?
How can researchers come up with ideas to prevent
unwanted behaviors.
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Psychology Test 3 Iskender Piyale-Sheard
Study Notes
Who is the founding father of psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt
What are the 5 stages of psychosexual
development?
1- Oral Stage
2- Anal Stage
3- Phallic stage
4- Latancy Period
5- Genital Stage
What is Sigmund Freud[s field of psychology?
Psychodynamic Psychology
In what did Freud focus his research on?
Dream Analysis
Hypnosis
Importance of childhood experiences
Unconscious
What are the two kinds of research?
Basic research
Applied research
What is basic research?
When researchers try to understand phenomena to
increase knowledge of a specific field.
What is applied research?
When trying to find concrete ways to solve
problems.
What Is introspection?
The ability to talk about how you feel towards
something.
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Psychology Test 3 Iskender Piyale-Sheard
Study Notes
What is functionalism?
Trying to understand how mental processes work.
Functionalism is best associated withY
William James
What is structuralism?
Trying to understand what mental processes are
composed of?
Structuralism is best associated withY
Edward Bradford Titchener
What is behaviorism?
The school of psychology that studies only
observable and measurable behavior.
Behaviorism is best associated withY
John Watson
and
B.F. Skinner
What are the 5 enduring issues of psychology?
Person-Situation
Nature-Nurture
Stability-Change
Diversity-Universality
Mind-Body
What is the Person-Situation debate?
Are we masters of our fate, or victims of our
circumstances?
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