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Final

PSY100H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Frans De Waal, Human Sexual Response Cycle, Walter Bradford Cannon


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Study Guide
Final

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PSY100 People
Name
Importance/Contribution
Ivan Pavlov
conditioning experiments with dogs; came up with the idea of classical
conditioning
John B. Watson
studied the rat; said animals can be used to study humans because
humans are “nothing special”; psychology predicts and controls
behaviour
B.F. Skinner
behaviour can be controlled through behaviourist approaches, nature of
society can be controlled. Skinner box: administer punishments and
rewards and influence organisms behaviour based on rewards and
punishments
Frans de Waal
research with primates; one monkey gets cucumber, one gets grape;
monkey that gets cucumber gets upset and it diminishes its experience
of reward by contrasting other reward; combine classic and operant
conditions w/ animal training
Tolman and
Honzik
rats running through a maze; learning not immediately expressed until
the organism is reinforced for doing so (latent learning)
Sperling
experiment where a grid is flashed to people and they are asked to
remember a certain part of it and then another part some time after;
shows importance of attention when remembering
H.M.
patient that suffered epileptic seizures and removed much of his
temporal lobe (hippocampus); became stuck in time and unable to
encode new memories . Suffered from anterograde amnesia
Duncan
study where a white and black student shove each other; white persons
shove seen as more playful, black persons shove is seen as more
aggressive
Loftus and
Palmer
leading questions experiment; “how fast were the cars going when they
contacted each other”--lower estimate of speed vs “how fast were the
cars going when they crashed?”--higher estimate of speed
Atkinson-Shiffrin
model of memory shows its a multistage process; stimulus → sensory
organs → sensory memory → STM → LTM
Miller
found that people can remember +/- 7 units of information at a time .
Highlighted the importances of chunking information
Galton
sensory abilities should indicate a persons intelligence
Binet
intelligence should be indicated by more complex thinking processes
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