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Ch10_

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Chapter 10
Emotions and Health
EMOTION: feelings that involve subjective evaluation, physiological processes, and cognitive
beliefs
Mood: a diffuse and long lasting emotional state that influences rather than interrupts thought and
behaviour
Reflects peoples perceptions of whether they have the personal resources necessary to meet
environmental demands
Stress: pattern of behaviour and response to events that match or exceed an organisms ability
Health psychology: concerned with events that affect physical well-being
How are emotions adaptive?
Yes
Prepare and guide behaiouvrs
Many emotions involve interpersonal dynamics: hurt when teased, angry when insulted…
Interpret facial expressions of emotion to predict the behaviour of other people
Emotions and emotional expression provide adaptive info
Facial expressions communicate emotion
Darwin wrote expression of emotion in man and animal, argued expressive characteristics
were adaptive in all life
Infants expressing emotions
Lower half of face more important than upper half of face in communicating emotion
Mouth better conveys emotions than eye
If just present with mouth and eye, eye is used to identify emotion
If whole face presented, mouth is used
Facial expressions across cultures
Facial expressions are universal and are biologically based
Display rules and gender
Display rules govern how and when emotions are exhibited
Differences in display rule help to explain cultural stereotypes
Gender differences in display rules that guide emotional expression
Women emotions are related to caregiving, interpersonal relationships
Men are related to competitiveness, defensiveness
Women better at describing their emotions
Emotions serve cognitive functions
Emotional descriptions to memory
Mood can alter ongoing mental process
In good mood, make faster decisions, and creative and elaborate responses
Positive affect lead to higher levels of dopamine production and activation of dopamine
www.notesolution.com
receptors in other brain areas
Decision making
Aniticipated emotional states are sources of info that guides decision making
When cognition and emotion are in conflict, emotion has more impact on decision
Affect-as-information theory say people use their current emotional state to make judgments
Eg. Rate your life, people currently in good mood rate higher than people currently in bad
mood
Also when rating or judging other people based on persons current mood
Somatic markers
Somatic marker theory say most self-regulated actions and decision are affected by bodily
reactions called somatic markers
Damage to frontal lobe causes people to perform action that was proven faulty before
Emotional reactions help us select responses that are likely to promote survival and
reproduction
Emotions capture attention
Presented two green words, attentional blink causes to miss the second word
But if second word is a emotion word like rape, then better at rmb it
Emotions aid memory
Important personal memories are typically those that are highly emotional
Identify neutral or positive pics as know photos, and negative photos as remember items
Drugs that block norepinephrine receptors like beta blockedrs impair mempry for emotional
words but have little effect on memory for neutrals words
Beta blocker impair ability to recognize emotional expressions
Emotions strengthen interpersonal relations
Guilt strengthens social bonds
Guilt is a negative emotional state associated with anxiety, tension, agitation, feel responsible
for causing an adverse state
Study show guilt protects and strengthens interpersonal relationships through three
mechanisms
Guilt keep people from doing things that hard their relationships, and encourage those
that strengthens them
Demonstrates people care about their relationship
Influence tactic that can be used to manipulate the behaviour of other
Socialization is crucial for interpersonal emotions
Negative emotion show genetic influences
Guilt influenced by social environment
Socialization is major influence on moral emotion like guilt
Feelings of guilt arise in healthy and happy relationship
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 10 Emotions and Health EMOTION: feelings that involve subjective evaluation, physiological processes, and cognitive beliefs Mood: a diffuse andlasting emotional state that influences rather than interrupts thought and behaviour Reflects peoples perceptions of whether they have the personal resources necessary to meet environmental demands Stress: pattern of behaviour and response to events that match or exceed an organisms ability Health psychology: concerned with events that affect physical well-being How are emotions adaptive? Yes Prepare and guide behaiouvrs Many emotions involve interpersonal dynamics: hurt when teased, angry when insulted Interpret facial expressions of emotion to predict the behaviour of other people Emotions and emotional expression provide adaptive info Facial expressions communicate emotion Darwin wrote expression of emotion in man and animal, argued expressive characteristics were adaptive in all life Infants expressing emotions Lower half of face more important than upper half of face in communicating emotion Mouth better conveys emotions than eye If just present with mouth and eye, eye is used to identify emotion If whole face presented, mouth is used Facial expressions across cultures Facial expressions are universal and are biologically based Display rules and gender Display rules govern how and when emotions are exhibited Differences in display rule help to explain cultural stereotypes Gender differences in display rules that guide emotional expression Women emotions are related to caregiving, interpersonal relationships Men are related to competitiveness, defensiveness Women better at describing their emotions Emotions serve cognitive functions Emotional descriptions to memory Mood can alter ongoing mental process In good mood, make faster decisions, and creative and elaborate responses Positive affect lead to higher levels of dopamine production and activation of dopamine www.notesolution.com
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