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ch16_

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Test 2 review: functional fixedness, reconsolidation, milgrams line expt (1/3 follows), consistency for
joining cult, bridge (misattribution), naïve realism, high emotional something in family work together
with drug effect
Cultural Psychology
e.g., all cultures speak a language w. b/w 10-70 phonemes,
all people smile when happy,
all cultures have a word for “black”
all cultures find parent-child incest to be disgusting,
all cultures understand the number 2
a lot of classic findings are not replicable in different cultures
the terrible 2s, 2 year olds in US scream and show autonomy
in japan… they follow their culture, and parents dont let them scream and stuff
so its not a universal development stage
fundamental attribution error not existing in china, japan, not so fundamental
The 20 statement test
I am…C:a student, a math club member… vs. I:funny, cool….
Individualists and collectivist cultures have different psychology
Collectivist: who they are, is determined by who theyre with, its fluid; I is more consistent
Is experience dissonance when making difficult choices for themselves; Cs experience
dissonance when making difficult choices for others but not when making choices for themselves
were a blend of individualism & collectivism
association with others
Chapter 16 Social and cultural psychology
Cultural psych emerged to see how culture shapes psych processes because humans are social
animals
Cultural environment is more inclusive than social environment, because can leave social
environment but rarely leaves cultural environment
Individualistic culture vs. collectivistic culture
Universal psychology vs. cultural psychology (chilli taste spicy to all, but to varying degrees)
What is culture?
Some aspects of culture are shared by other species and some are unique to humans
All human behaviour or thoughts have been shaped by cultural learning
www.notesolution.com
Cultural learning identified in other species has thus far been limited to specific and often
isolated aspects of their behaviours.
Unique pervasiveness of culture in human lives that allow us to say humans are the only
true cultural species
Eg. Monkey washing potato by watching others, takes long to spread
Dolphins cry--- limited learning from others
Humans learn better, some culture are learned by every member after only a single trial
Humans have evolved to accumulate cultural information
Larger the group size, larger the cerebral cortex ratio
Understand social dynamics to realize the benefits of social living required evolution in 2
areas
Communication skills
Able to identify the intentions of fellow group members- theory of mind
Accumulate cultural info to develop more complex tools
Chimps cant easily reproduce a behaviour leading to that they use the same tools as
thousands years ago
How does culture affect the mind
Culture and mind are inextricably bound
Culture emerge from mind interactions between people, and culture shape process going on
in the mind
In NA, students grouped together based on abilities
In japan, all have same access
NA highlights individuality of each student and each to receive individualized education than
to stay with peers
Japan is for more sense of belonging with their peers than individual basis
NA= performance based
Japan=social promotion
There is a sensitive period for learning culture
Ability to learn new language diminish with age
Have all 150 phonemes at birth, but lose them due to culture
Study on jap kids moving to US, if move before 9, will be Americanized, but if move after 15,
will have hard time acquiring new culture
Cultural difference become more pronounced with age
Indians say more situational attributions
Americans show more personal attributions
If age 8 kids asked about the story, they give similar answers
The self-concept varies across cultures
Collectivistic culture vs. individualistic culture
If sense of self is identified with attributes that are characteristics within you, like traits and
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Test 2 review: functional fixedness, reconsolidation, milgrams line expt (13 follows), consistency for joining cult, bridge (misattribution), nave realism, high emotional something in family work together with drug effect Cultural Psychology e.g., all cultures speak a language w. bw 10-70 phonemes, all people smile when happy, all cultures have a word for black all cultures find parent-child incest to be disgusting, all cultures understand the number 2 a lot of classic findings are not replicable in different cultures the terrible 2s, 2 year olds in US scream and show autonomy in japan they follow their culture, and parents dont let them scream and stuff so its not a universal development stage fundamental attribution error not existing in china, japan, not so fundamental The 20 statement test I amC:a student, a math club member vs. I:funny, cool. Individualists and collectivist cultures have different psychology Collectivist: who they are, is determined by who theyre with, its fluid; I is more consistent Is experience dissonance when making difficult choices for themselves; Cs experience dissonance when making difficult choices for others but not when making choices for themselves were a blend of individualism & collectivism association with others Chapter 16 Social and cultural psychology Cultural psych emerged to see how culture shapes psych processes because humans are social animals Cultural environment is more inclusive than social environment, because can leave social environment but rarely leaves cultural environment Individualistic culture vs. collectivistic culture Universal psychology vs. cultural psychology (chilli taste spicy to all, but to varying degrees) What is culture? Some aspects of culture are shared by other species and some are unique to humans All human behaviour or thoughts have been shaped by cultural learning www.notesolution.com
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