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PSY100H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Cognitive Model, Impulsivity, Criminal Psychology

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David Nussbaum
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PSYC39 Lecture 7: Midterm Review PY
Slide 1:
Know stats understand what that means conceptually
Know dates that are relevant
Slide 2: Cognitive Model and Motivational Model Lec 3 slide 31 explained
Cognitive Decision-Making Model and Motivational Model
Motivational model not on midterm, will be on final
Cognitive model:
o Question is: How is cognition regulated? There are diff models
o Depends on the time allowed for info to be processed: Do you have a year to make your
decision, or just ½ a second to make your decision
o Cognitive model based on 2 facets:
1) How long ppl can think about a problem
2) How quickly a person processes info
o 2X2 graph they are continuous in real life; attention is not just ‘short’ and ‘long’
attention span = actually continuous; same with info processing = continuous
o 4 combos:
1) fast speed of processing but short attention span
2) fast speed of processing and long attention span
Extra time left over because can process info fast
3) slow processing and short attention span
Why didn’t I think of that at that time? It’s not like these ppl don’t have
the intellectual ability, it’s just when the decision is made, it’s made on
the basis of incomplete info, not considering all info avail
Describe ADHD and also describes ppl who don’t have ADHD when they
are considering important and complex problems b/c there are many
aspects of the problem that they haven’t considered (happens to
politicians, businessmen, scientists etc;) b/c quite often you don’t step
back and look at the whole situation, only focus on one or two salient
4) slow processing and long attention span
People in top-left quadrant = make sound decisions and are efficient b/c process info quickly;
but won’t do anything creative, just do what you should do
Ppl who are quick and who have the luxury of more time to think about stuff, they will make
sound decisions and in the extra time available, they will optimize the decision and do
something creative
Bottom left = impulsive decision didn’t consider all of the available info
o Speed of processing and attention span work together to determine how soundly ppl
make decisions
What does this abstract cognitive model have to do with criminals?
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