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[PSY220H1] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 448 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY220H1
Professor
Jason Plaks
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
PSY220H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Chapter6
● Conformity:achangeinbehaviourorbelieftoaccordwithothers
● Compliance:conformitythatinvolvespubliclyactinginaccordwithsocial
pressurewhileprivatelydisagreeing
○ Wearingnecktiealthoughyoudontlikeit
● Acceptance:conformitythatinvolvesbothactingandbelievinginaccordwith
socialpressure
● Neuroscienceofcomplianceandacceptance;shortpubliccomplianceandlonger
termprivate
● Acceptancesometimesfollowcompliance
● Moodlinkage:peoplewithinsameworkgroups/socialnetworktendedtoshare
upanddownmoods.
● Chameleoneffect:peoplemirrorotherpeople,feelwhatotherpeoplefeel
(behaviourinfluencesattitudesandemotions)
● Mimicrywouldmakeotherpeoplelikeyouandbehelpfultoyouandothers
● Suggestibilityonalargescale:windshielddamagechangedtonotaproblem
whenlookingattheirwindshieldsinsteadofthroughthem.
○ Negative:Werthereffect,copycatsuicide
○ Ex:SorrowsofYoungWerther(yellowtrousersandbluepants),well
publicizedsuicides,soapoperasormediaonsuicide
● Asheexperimenteveryday
○ Dentalflossing:whentoldavgamountofflossingwasinflated,theydid
moreandmorelikelytofloss
○ Cancerscreening:toldhowmanyscreenedinsteadoftheotherway
around.Morepeopleledtoscreening
○ Soccerrefereedecisions:highvolumemorelikelytogiveayellowcard.
Audiencewasclosetoeachother
● Reflectionsoftheclassicstudies
○ Iwasonlyfollowingorders
○ Obeysuperiors
○ Mostbrutalityofwarbeyondobedience
○ Differfromconformityintermsofsocialpressure
■ Obedienceexplicitlycommanded,nocoercion,nocruelacts
○ Aschandmilgramstudiessharecommonalities
■ Compliancecantakeprecedenceovermoralsense
■ Pressuringpeopletotoagainstownconscience
● Whatbreedsobedience
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○ Victim’sdistance:victimhidden(computerscreen)lessobedient
■ Executionersdepersonalized
■ Gaschambers(separatekillersandvictims)
■ Peopleactmorecompassionatetowardthosewhoare
personalized
● Ultrasoundofowndevelopingfetus
○ Expectantwomenexpressedmorecommitmentto
pregnancyiftheyhadearlierseenanultrasoundthat
clearlydisplayedbodyparts(Christine
DunkelSchetter1994)
● Appealsforunbornorhungrywithacompellingphoto
○ Closenessandlegitimacyofauthority
■ Nursesobeyedgivingmorethanneededdoses
● PlaceinRear,nursesinterpretasplacinginrectuminstead
ofrightear
■ Someoneposesascopspeaksdescribesgenericworkerwho
believestohavestolenproperty.Managerdemandsstripsearch
● Managerafraidoflosingjobsaiddefenselawyer
■ Similartoabovebutwithmoresexualacts,suedandwon.
○ Theliberatingeffectsofgroupinfluence
■ Thosewhorushedintoflamingworldtradecenterwerebrave
(SusanFiske2004),butalsopartlyobeyingorderspartlyconfirming
toextraordinarygrouployalty
● Behaviourandattitudes
○ Inobediencestudies,powerfulsocialpressure(experimenter’s
commands)overcameweakerone(remotevictim’spleas)
○ Externalbehaviourandinternaldispositioncanfeedoneanother,
sometimesinanescalatingspiralreportedMilgram1974
○ Manysubjectsclaimedvictimtodeserveitbecauseoftheirstupidity
■ Blamethevictimprocesstotrainvictims(HaritosFatouros1988,
Staub,1989,2003)
■ TrainingofSSofficersinNaziGermany,militaryselectedthose
whowentthroughmanyphasesuntiltheycouldtorture
■ Criticismproducescontempt,whichlicensescruelty,whichwhen
justified,leadstobrutality,thenkilling,thensystematickilling
(Staub,2003)
○ Heroism:shelteringjewsandotherrefugees(LeChambon)
● Powerofsituation
○ Tryingtobreaksocialconstraints,suddenlyrealizehowstrongtheyare
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