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PSY230H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Cortisol, Electrodermal Activity, Nomothetic

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Amanda Sharples
Study Guide

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Lecture 5 + Readings:
Traits are measured along a _______.
What is a trait?
Who was Gordon Allport?
What is the nomothetic approach?
What is the ideographic approach?
What are cardinal, central, common, and secondary traits?
Who was Henry Murray? What did he call his approach? What needs was he interested in?
What are needs? List 3 central ones.
Who was Raymond Cattle?
What is factor analysis? What are source traits?
What did Cattle use factor analysis for? What did he discover.
What are the 16 core personality traits according to Cattle?
What is the 5-factor model of personality? List the five factors and describe what it correlates
with to be low and high in them.
Are personality traits biological or environmental?
Describe what brain regions the five factors of personality are correlated with?
What are some problems with self-report measures of personality?
Who was Kurt Lewin? What was his formula?
What is cross-situational consistency? Is there evidence for this with regards to personality?
What is a type A personality?
What is a type B personality?
What is trait level optimism?
What features define optimists? What is this connected to?
What are some differences in the problem-solving strategies of optimists and pessimists?
What is acute stress? What is chronic stress?
What is important about stress?
What is alleostasis?
What is cortisol how is it related to stress and optimism?
What is the biopsychosocial model of stress?
What is threat response? What is it characterised by? What is challenge response?
What is social anxiety? What does it lead to? What two levels can it exist at? What is the
difference between social anxiety and introversion?
What are strengths of the trait approach?
What are criticisms of the trait approach?
Is it better to measure specific or broad traits?
What is the person by situation approach?
What percent of behaviour does the personality coefficient account for?
What is achievement motivation? What two types are there?
What three dimensions measure attributions. Describe all three.
What are four different types of achievement goals?
What is evaluation apprehensoin? How does it relate to social anxiety?
Lecture 6 + Readings:
What is eyesencks hierarchical model of processing? What theee traits does it explore?
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