PSY230H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Autobiographical Memory, Statistical Significance, Nomothetic
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PSY230 Final Exam Prep:
Lecture 1, Ch1:
What are intrapersonal processes?
What is Psychoanalytic theory?
What is the trait approach to psychology?
What are biological theories?
What is the humanistic approach?
What is the cognitive approach to psychology?
What is the behavioural approach to psychology?
Talk about how all these approaches deal with questions of nature vs nurture, conscious vs
unconscious, and genetics vs environment.
Give a brief history of psychology of personality.
Lecture 2, Ch2:
What two main characteristics describe a good theory?
Define a hypothesis?
What is a manipulated independent variable?
What is a non-manipulated independent variable? What is the problem with this type of variable?
What is the case study method? What are three of its limitations? What are 6 of its strengths?
What is needed to achieve statistical significance?
What is effect size?
What is the Correlation coefficient?
What is good reliability?
What is internal consistency?
Define: validity, predictive validity, face validity, congruent validity, discriminant validity,
Describe the scientific method.
What is the difference between a quasi-experiment and true experiment?
What is a scale design?
What is the difference between congruent and discriminant validity?
What are unobtrusive measures?
What is a correlation coefficient?
Describe the daily diary approach to research.
Define multiple perceptions.
What is a good scientist?
What is a scale design? (Give 5 sub types).
What is item reduction?
Lecture 3, Ch3 & 4:
Who was Freud? Roughly when did he live?
Define the diagnosis of hysteria and describe when it was given.
Describe the case of Anna O.
Define Free association.
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Describe Freud’s 5 stages of development.
Define and describe the Oedipus complex.
Define and describe the Electra complex.
How did Freud view dreams?
What does modern research on dreams say?
What two instincts did Freud identify? Define and describe both.
What was Freud’s theory of the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious.
What was Freud’s theory of the ego, superego, and id.
Define and describe Freud’s 7 defence mechanisms.
Sigmund Freud believed in the will to _______.
Alfred Albert believed in the will to ________. Describe who he was and his approach.
Viktor Frankl believed in the will to _________. Describe who he was and his approach.
What is striving for superiority.
What where criticisms and strengths of Freudian theory?
Lecture 4, Ch 5 & 6:
Who was Anna Freud?
Who was Carl Jung?
Define the Jungian concepts of anima, animus, persona, and shadow.
What did Jung believe about the personal unconscious and collective unconscious?
What are Jungian archetypes?
What are the two Jungian attitudes, and what are the four basic functions of consciousness?
Who was Karen Horney?
What did Horney believe about people who are trapped in self-defeating interpersonal styles?
What are Horney’s three problematic interpersonal styles?
What is feminine psychology?
What is the concept of womb envy?
What factors did Horney draw attention to?
Who was Erik Erikson? What theory did he develop? What did he stress?
Describe Erikson’s 8 stages.
What is the frustration aggression hypothesis? Describe an experiment which relates to this.
What is current attachment theory? Discuss in terms of divorce as well.
What are three functional purposes of attachment.
Describe the attachment styles on the spectrum of fear of abandonment and fear of closeness.
Lecture 5, Ch 7 & 8:
What is a trait?
Who was Gordon Allport?
What is the nomothetic approach?
What is the ideographic approach?
What are cardinal, central, common, and secondary traits?
Who was Henry Murray? What did he call his approach? What needs was he interested in?
What are needs? List 3 central ones.
Who was Raymond Cattle?
What is factor analysis? What are source traits?
What did Cattle use factor analysis for? What did he discover.
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